Ranking total Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold of countries, from highest to lowest.
Global Firepower tracks the values of Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold in relation to a nation's economic health and power on the world stage. This value is an indicator of a nation's ability to repay foreign obligations (namely debt) while also continuing to support, and strengthen, their domestic economy. Two-thirds of the world's reserves are currently held by powers in Asia (China, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and South Korea) as noted by the chart below.
Data presented on this list is through 2021. Estimates are made when official data is not available.
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