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Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) by Country (2021)



GOVERNMENT | FINANCIALS

Ranking total Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold of countries, from highest to lowest.



Global Firepower tracks the values of Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold in relation to a nation's economic health and power on the world stage. This value is an indicator of a nation's ability to repay foreign obligations (namely debt) while also continuing to support, and strengthen, their domestic economy. Two-thirds of the world's reserves are currently held by powers in Asia (China, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and South Korea) as noted by the chart below.

Data presented on this list is through 2021. Estimates are made when official data is not available.
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1
China
CHN
$ 3,236,000,000,000
2
Japan
JPN
$ 1,264,000,000,000
3
Switzerland
SWI
$ 811,200,000,000
4
Saudi Arabia
SAR
$ 496,400,000,000
5
Taiwan
TAI
$ 456,700,000,000
6
Russia
RUS
$ 432,700,000,000
7
India
IND
$ 409,800,000,000
8
South Korea
SKO
$ 389,200,000,000
9
Brazil
BRA
$ 374,000,000,000
10
Singapore
SIN
$ 279,900,000,000
11
Thailand
THA
$ 202,600,000,000
12
Germany
GER
$ 200,100,000,000
13
Mexico
MEX
$ 175,300,000,000
14
France
FRA
$ 156,400,000,000
15
Italy
ITA
$ 151,200,000,000
16
United Kingdom
UKD
$ 150,800,000,000
17
Czechia
CZC
$ 148,000,000,000
18
Indonesia
INO
$ 130,200,000,000
19
United States
USA
$ 123,300,000,000
20
Iran
IRN
$ 120,600,000,000
21
Poland
POL
$ 113,300,000,000
22
Israel
ISR
$ 113,000,000,000
23
Turkey
TUR
$ 107,700,000,000
24
Malaysia
MLY
$ 102,400,000,000
25
Algeria
ALG
$ 97,890,000,000
26
United Arab Emirates
UAE
$ 95,370,000,000
27
Canada
CAN
$ 86,680,000,000
28
Philippines
PHI
$ 81,570,000,000
29
Denmark
DEN
$ 75,250,000,000
30
Libya
LBY
$ 74,710,000,000
31
Spain
SPA
$ 69,410,000,000
32
Australia
AUS
$ 66,580,000,000
33
Norway
NOR
$ 65,920,000,000
34
Peru
PER
$ 63,830,000,000
35
Sweden
SWE
$ 62,220,000,000
36
Lebanon
LEB
$ 55,420,000,000
37
Argentina
ARG
$ 55,330,000,000
38
South Africa
SAF
$ 50,720,000,000
39
Vietnam
VTN
$ 49,500,000,000
40
Iraq
IRQ
$ 48,880,000,000
41
Colombia
COL
$ 47,130,000,000
42
Romania
ROM
$ 44,430,000,000
43
Chile
CHI
$ 38,980,000,000
44
Nigeria
NGA
$ 38,770,000,000
45
Netherlands
NET
$ 38,440,000,000
46
Egypt
EGY
$ 35,890,000,000
47
Kuwait
KUW
$ 33,700,000,000
48
Bangladesh
BAN
$ 33,420,000,000
49
Kazakhstan
KAZ
$ 30,750,000,000
50
Bulgaria
BUL
$ 28,380,000,000
51
Hungary
HUN
$ 28,000,000,000
52
Morocco
MOR
$ 26,270,000,000
53
Belgium
BEL
$ 26,160,000,000
54
Portugal
POR
$ 26,110,000,000
55
Turkmenistan
TKM
$ 24,910,000,000
56
Austria
AST
$ 21,570,000,000
57
New Zealand
NWZ
$ 20,680,000,000
58
Croatia
CRO
$ 18,820,000,000
59
Ukraine
UKR
$ 18,810,000,000
60
Pakistan
PAK
$ 18,460,000,000
61
Angola
ANG
$ 17,290,000,000
62
Oman
OMA
$ 16,090,000,000
63
Uzbekistan
UZB
$ 16,000,000,000
64
Uruguay
URU
$ 15,960,000,000
65
Jordan
JOR
$ 15,560,000,000
66
Qatar
QTR
$ 15,010,000,000
67
Cambodia
CMB
$ 12,200,000,000
68
Serbia
SER
$ 11,910,000,000
69
Guatemala
GUA
$ 11,770,000,000
70
Cuba
CUB
$ 11,350,000,000
71
Finland
FIN
$ 10,510,000,000
72
Bolivia
BOL
$ 10,260,000,000
73
Venezuela
VEN
$ 9,661,000,000
74
Nepal
NEP
$ 9,091,000,000
75
Sri Lanka
SRL
$ 7,959,000,000
76
Paraguay
PAR
$ 7,877,000,000
77
Greece
GRE
$ 7,807,000,000
78
Ghana
GHA
$ 7,555,000,000
79
Botswana
BOT
$ 7,491,000,000
80
Kenya
KEN
$ 7,354,000,000
81
Belarus
BLR
$ 7,315,000,000
82
Afghanistan
AFG
$ 7,187,000,000
83
Dominican Republic
DOM
$ 6,873,000,000
84
Azerbaijan
AZR
$ 6,681,000,000
85
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BOS
$ 6,474,000,000
86
Ivory Coast
IVC
$ 6,257,000,000
87
Tunisia
TUN
$ 5,594,000,000
88
Tanzania
TAN
$ 5,301,000,000
89
North Korea
NKO
$ 5,000,000,000
90
Myanmar
MYA
$ 4,924,000,000
91
Honduras
HON
$ 4,708,000,000
92
Latvia
LAT
$ 4,614,000,000
93
Lithuania
LIT
$ 4,450,000,000
94
Ireland
IRE
$ 4,412,000,000
95
Uganda
UGA
$ 3,654,000,000
96
Slovakia
SLK
$ 3,622,000,000
97
Albania
ALB
$ 3,590,000,000
98
El Salvador
ESL
$ 3,567,000,000
99
Mozambique
MOZ
$ 3,361,000,000
100
Cameroon
CAM
$ 3,235,000,000
101
Georgia
GEO
$ 3,039,000,000
102
Mongolia
MON
$ 3,016,000,000
103
Ethiopia
ETH
$ 3,013,000,000
104
Moldova
MOL
$ 2,803,000,000
105
North Macedonia
MAC
$ 2,802,000,000
106
Nicaragua
NIC
$ 2,758,000,000
107
Panama
PAN
$ 2,703,000,000
108
Namibia
NAM
$ 2,432,000,000
109
Ecuador
ECU
$ 2,395,000,000
110
Bahrain
BAH
$ 2,349,000,000
111
Armenia
ARM
$ 2,314,000,000
112
Kyrgyzstan
KYR
$ 2,177,000,000
113
Zambia
ZAM
$ 2,082,000,000
114
Madagascar
MAD
$ 1,600,000,000
115
Niger
NGR
$ 1,314,000,000
116
Tajikistan
TAJ
$ 1,292,000,000
117
Laos
LAO
$ 1,270,000,000
118
Bhutan
BUT
$ 1,206,000,000
119
Montenegro
MTN
$ 1,077,000,000
120
Gabon
GAB
$ 981,600,000
121
Slovenia
SLV
$ 889,900,000
122
Mauritania
MAU
$ 875,000,000
123
Kosovo
KOS
$ 695,000,000
124
Mali
MAL
$ 647,800,000
125
Republic of the Congo
ROC
$ 505,700,000
126
Sierra Leone
SIE
$ 478,000,000
127
Liberia
LIB
$ 459,800,000
128
Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRC
$ 457,500,000
129
Zimbabwe
ZIM
$ 431,800,000
130
Suriname
SUR
$ 424,400,000
131
Syria
SYR
$ 407,300,000
132
Estonia
EST
$ 345,000,000
133
Central African Republic
CAR
$ 304,300,000
134
Yemen
YEM
$ 245,400,000
135
Eritrea
ERI
$ 225,000,000
136
Sudan
SUD
$ 198,000,000
137
South Sudan
SSU
$ 73,000,000
138
Burkina Faso
BKF
$ 49,000,000
139
Somalia
SOM
$ 30,450,000
140
Chad
CHD
$ 22,900,000

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