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Capital Cities by Total Population by Country (2023)



PEOPLE | MANPOWER

Ranking the total population of each global capital city by country, from largest to smallest.



A capital city remains at the heart of any nation's drive to survive and is the first city to be targeting in an attack and often times the last city to fall under invasion.

Data presented on this list is through 2023. Values according to the CIA World Factbook.
Aerial photograph of Sendai, Japan.
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1
Tokyo
37,274,000
2
New Delhi
32,066,000
3
Dhaka
22,478,000
4
Mexico City
22,281,000
5
Cairo
21,750,000
6
Beijing
21,333,000
7
Kinshasa
15,628,000
8
Buenos Aires
15,370,000
9
Manila
14,667,000
10
Moscow
11,920,000
11
Bogota
11,344,000
12
Lima
11,204,000
13
Paris
11,142,000
14
Jakarta
11,075,000
15
Bangkok
11,070,000
16
Seoul
9,988,000
17
London
9,648,000
18
Tehran
9,382,000
19
Luanda
8,952,000
20
Kuala Lumpur
8,420,000
21
Dar es Salaam
7,776,000
22
Riyadh
7,682,000
23
Baghdad
7,512,000
24
Santiago
6,857,000
25
Madrid
6,751,000
26
Khartoum
6,344,000
27
Singapore
6,081,000
28
Rangoon
5,610,000
29
Washington, D.C.
5,434,000
30
Ankara
5,397,000
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31
Hanoi
5,253,000
32
Addis Ababa
5,228,000
33
Nairobi
5,119,000
34
Brasilia
4,804,000
35
Kabul
4,435,000
36
Rome
4,298,000
37
Yaounde
4,164,000
38
Kampala
3,846,000
39
Abuja
3,840,000
40
Antananarivo
3,700,000
41
Berlin
3,571,000
42
Asuncion
3,511,000
43
Santo Domingo
3,458,000
44
Dakar
3,340,000
45
Sanaa
3,292,000
46
Kuwait
3,239,000
47
Lusaka
3,181,000
48
Pyongyang
3,158,000
49
Athens
3,154,000
50
Ouagadougou
3,056,000
51
Guatemala City
3,036,000
52
Lisbon
3,001,000
53
Caracas
2,972,000
54
Kyiv
2,884,000
55
Algiers
2,854,000
56
Pretoria
2,818,000
57
Bamako
2,817,000
58
Taipei
2,754,000
59
Brazzaville
2,638,000
60
Mogadishu
2,610,000
61
Accra
2,605,000
62
Tashkent
2,603,000
63
Damascus
2,585,000
64
Tunis
2,475,000
65
Beirut
2,433,000
66
Baku
2,401,000
67
Phnom Penh
2,211,000
68
Amman
2,210,000
69
Havana
2,146,000
70
Brussels
2,110,000
71
Minsk
2,049,000
72
Panama City
1,977,000
73
Vienna
1,960,000
74
Rabat
1,959,000
75
Quito
1,928,000
76
La Paz
1,908,000
77
Warsaw
1,798,000
78
Bucharest
1,776,000
79
Budapest
1,775,000
80
Montevideo
1,774,000
81
Stockholm
1,700,000
82
Ulaanbaatar
1,673,000
83
Muscat
1,650,000
84
Monrovia
1,623,000
85
Harare
1,578,000
86
Kathmandu
1,571,000
87
Abu Dhabi
1,567,000
88
N Djamena
1,533,000
89
Tegucigalpa
1,527,000
90
Nouakchott
1,492,000
91
Niamey
1,437,000
92
Ottawa
1,423,000
93
Belgrade
1,408,000
94
Copenhagen
1,370,000
95
Helsinki
1,328,000
96
Prague
1,318,000
97
Freetown
1,309,000
98
Sofia
1,287,000
99
Dublin
1,256,000
100
Nur-Sultan
1,254,000
101
Islamabad
1,232,000
102
Tripoli
1,176,000
103
Amsterdam
1,174,000
104
Maputo
1,163,000
105
San Salvador
1,111,000
106
Managua
1,095,000
107
Yerevan
1,092,000
108
Oslo
1,086,000
109
Bishkek
1,082,000
110
Tblisi
1,080,000
111
Asmara
1,035,000
112
Dushanbe
987,000
113
Jerusalem
970,000
114
Bangui
933,000
115
Ashgabat
902,000
116
Libreville
857,000
117
Vientiane
706,000
118
Manama
689,000
119
Zagreb
684,000
120
Doha
658,000
121
Colombo
633,000
122
Riga
625,000
123
Skopje
611,000
124
Vilnius
541,000
125
Tirana
512,000
126
Chisinau
488,000
127
Windhoek
477,000
128
Canberra
467,000
129
Juba
459,000
130
Tallinn
452,000
131
Bratislava
441,000
132
Bern
441,000
133
Wellington
422,000
134
Sarajevo
344,000
135
Ljubljana
286,000
136
Porto-Novo
285,000
137
Gaborone
272,000
138
Paramaribo
239,000
139
Yamoussoukro
231,000
140
Pristina
216,870
141
Reykjavik
216,000
142
Thimphu
205,000
143
Podgorica
177,000
144
Luxembourg
120,000
145
Belmopan
25,000

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