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2023 Ethiopia Military Strength



Ethiopia National flag graphic

For 2023, Ethiopia is ranked 49 of 145 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review. The nation holds a PwrIndx* score of 0.7979 (a score of 0.0000 is considered 'perfect'). This entry last reviewed on 01/05/2023.

*PwrIndx: Each nation is assessed on individual and collective values processed through an in-house formula to generate its 'PwrIndx' (Power Index) score. Some values are estimated when official numbers are not available. View the NOTES tab below for a detailed breakdown of other assessments.
Ethiopia country map image
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Breakdown



Ethiopia is ranked 49 of 145 out of the countries considered for the annual Global Firepower review. The nation holds a Power Index score of 0.7979 with a score of 0.0000 being considered exceptional in the GFP assessment.
African Union logo graphic
This country is an Active Member of the African Union alliance.
Landlocked country graphic image
Bordered by land on all sides without direct access to the sea, this country is landlocked.

Population
13/ 145
Avail.Manpwr
11/ 145
Fit-for-Serv
17/ 145
Mil.Age.Annu
9/ 145
Active Persn
33/ 145
Rez.Persn
145/ 145
Paramil.Persn
145/ 145
Aircraft
71/ 145
Fighters
48/ 145
Attack Types
145/ 145
Transports
43/ 145
Trainers
57/ 145
Spl.Mission
145/ 145
Tankers
145/ 145
Helicopters
63/ 145
Attack Helos
40/ 145
Tanks
34/ 145
Vehicles
80/ 145
Artillery (SP)
35/ 145
Art.(Towed)
36/ 145
MLRS
27/ 145
Oil Prod
145/ 145
Oil Consump
46/ 145
Oil Rez.Proven
80/ 145
Nat.Gas Prod
145/ 145
NatGas Cons
1/ 145
NatGas Rez
64/ 145
Coal Prod
145/ 145
Coal Consump
39/ 145
Coal Rez.Prvn
145/ 145
Labor Force
12/ 145
Merch.Marines
101/ 145
Major Ports
19/ 145
Roadways
40/ 145
Railways
104/ 145
Airports
73/ 145
Def.Budget
96/ 145
Ext.Debt
48/ 145
Foreign Rez
104/ 145
Purch.Power
57/ 145
Sq.Land Area
26/ 145
Shared Border
110/ 145
Waterways
145/ 145


Excellent
Good
Average
Fair
Poor


GENERAL CAPABILITIES
Theoretical, automatically generated based on supplied values.

National Defense
Airspace Defense
Tactical Reach
Battlefield Support
Armored Warfare
Internal Security
Land Convoy Protection
Indirect Fire Support
Global Trade
Goods/Supplies Transportation
Natural Geographic Defense



The act of waging (and sustaining) a prolonged conflict requires a massive financial commitment from all parties involved. As such, GFP focuses on a select group of financially-related categories showcased below.


Small graph icon
57/145
Purchasing Power Parity:
$264,050,000,000 USD
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104/145
Foreign Exchange/Gold:
$3,013,000,000 USD
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96/145
Defense Budget:
$538,000,000 USD
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48/145
External Debt:
$30,000,000,000 USD
All monetary values presented in United States Dollar (USD$).


Manpower is one of the few categories that every nation satisfies in the GFP index to one extent or another. These categories detail the maximum and realistic number of souls a given nation can commit to a war effort, be it offensive or defensive in nature.


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13/145
Total Population:
113,656,596
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11/145
Available Manpower
54,555,166 (48.0%)
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17/145
Fit-for-Service
33,869,666 (29.8%)
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9/145
Reaching Mil Age Annually
2,614,102 (2.3%)
Tot Mil. Personnel (est.)
150,000 (0.1%)
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33/145
Active Personnel
150,000 (0.1%)
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145/145
Reserve Personnel
0 (0.0%)
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145/145
Paramilitary
0 (0.0%)
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49/145
Air Force Personnel*
5,000
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32/145
Army Personnel*
65,000
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35/145
Navy Personnel*
11,500


*These values may be estimated.
Manpower Composition:
Hover over the various color-coded sections in the bar below for details on each category.


GFP tracks specific categories related to aerial warfare capabilities of a given power. READINESS values are based against the U.S. Air Force's 75% average across all categories to account for availability of individual over-battlefield assets due to general maintenance, modernization, refurbishment and the like. Percent values are % of total inventory stock available.


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71/145
Aircraft Total:
Stock: 89
Readiness: 49*
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48/145
Fighters:
Stock: 23 (25.8%)
Readiness: 13*
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145/145
Attack Types:
Stock: 0 (0.0%)
Readiness: 0*
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43/145
Transports (Fixed-Wing):
Stock: 9 (10.1%)
Readiness: 5*
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57/145
Trainers:
Stock: 26 (29.2%)
Readiness: 14*
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145/145
Special-Mission:
Stock: 0 (0.0%)
Readiness: 0*
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145/145
Tanker Fleet:
Stock: 0 (0.0%)
Readiness: 0*
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63/145
Helicopters:
Stock: 31 (34.8%)
Readiness: 17*
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40/145
Attack Helicopters:
Stock: 6 (6.7%)
Readiness: 3*


*Values are estimated.
Inventory Composition:
Hover over pie slices in the chart below for category information. Pecentages below are not part of overall strength above but rather relative to each category presented below.

For an in-depth overview of current leading air powers of the world, including active inventories and strengths, consult the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft (www.WDMMA.org).

GFP tracks specific categories related to land warfare capabilities of a given power. READINESS values are based against the U.S. Army's 80% average across all categories to account for availability of individual battlefield assets due to general maintenance, modernization, refurbishment and the like.


Small graph icon
34/145
Tanks:
Stock: 468
Readiness: 281*
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80/145
Vehicles:
Stock: 6,240
Readiness: 3,744*
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35/145
Self-Propelled Artillery:
Stock: 100
Readiness: 60*
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36/145
Towed Artillery:
Stock: 319
Readiness: 191*
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27/145
MLRS (Rocket Artillery):
Stock: 183
Readiness: 110*


*Values are estimated.
Inventory Composition:
Hover over pie slices in the chart below for category information.




End-use products reflect a given nation's ability to produce products through manufacturing, industry, and / or agriculture.
Icon image of a pile of barley
BARLEY
Icon image of two wine glasses
BEVRGES
Icon image of cement bag
CEMENT
Icon image of chemicals
CHEMICLS
Icon image of corn cob
CORN
Icon image of food processing equipment
FOODPROC
Icon image of a cut of leather
LEATHER
Icon image of a metal stack
METALS
Icon image of a milk carton
MILK
Icon image of a potato
POTATOES
Icon image of a stack of sugar cane rods
SGRCANE
Icon image of a pile of sweet potatoes
SWTPOTAT
Icon image of textile swatches
TEXTILES
Icon image of wheat
WHEAT



The GFP index tracks crude Oil (petroleum) and (new as of 2023) Natural Gas and Coal usage / reserves / stock for each country. Natural resources are critical to a nation in both war and peace time, in some cases forming the lifeblood of a given world power. 2022 showed just how natural resources can be 'weaponized' by one party over another.


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145/145
Oil Production:
0 bbl
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46/145
Oil Consumption:
110,000 bbl
Oil Deficit:
-110,000 bbl
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80/145
Oil Proven Reserves:
400,000 bbl

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145/145
Natural Gas Production:
0 cu.m
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1/145
Natural Gas Consumption:
0 cu.m
Natural Gas Deficit:
0 cu.m
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64/145
Nat.Gas Proven Rez:
24,919,000,000 cu.m

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145/145
Coal Production:
0 mt
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39/145
Coal Consumption:
689,000 mt
Coal Deficit:
-689,000 mt
Small graph icon
145/145
Coal Proven Reserves:
0 mt
Oil bbl represented as unit 'barrel of oil'. Natural Gas represented in 'cubic meters'. Coal represented in 'metric tons'.


The GFP formula tracks various factors related to logistics which prove critical to any one global power in both war and peace time. These factor into a nation's ability to move man, machine, and supplies from one point to another - a particularly important quality when considering mass-mobilization.


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12/145
Labor Force:
53,000,000
Small graph icon
101/145
Merchant Marine Fleet:
11
Small graph icon
19/145
Ports / Trade Terminals:
2
Small graph icon
73/145
Airports:
57
Small graph icon
40/145
Roadway Coverage:
120,171 km
Small graph icon
104/145
Railway Coverage:
659 km
Small graph icon
145/145
Waterways (usable):
0 km



FINANCIALS - Values partly derived from the CIA World Factbook and presented in USD ($). Estimates made when needed.

GEOGRAPHY - Values derived from the CIA World Factbook. As geography can play a role in both offensive and defensive wars, the GFP formula takes geographic qualities into account (border coverage, coastline coverage).

CAPITAL - Basic details covering the name, population, temperature, and precipitation values of a given capital city.

MANPOWER - Values partly derived from the CIA World Factbook. Some values may be estimated.

AIRPOWER - Values derived from multiple sources. Estimates made when required. Total Aircraft Strength value includes both fixed-wing and rotorcraft platforms from all branches of service (at this time UAVs are not included). 'Attack' value constitutes purpose-built, fixed-wing dedicated attack types. 'Transports' value includes only fixed-wing aircraft while all rotorcraft are represented under the 'Helicopters' value. For an in-depth look into the current air powers of the world, consider "the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft" [www.WDMMA.org - external link].

LAND FORCES - Values derived from multiple sources. Estimates made when required. 'Tanks' value includes Main Battle Tanks (MBTs), medium tanks, and light tanks. 'Vehicles' value includes APCs, IFVs, MRAPs, Armored Cars, and support / logistical / engineering types. 'Rocket Projectors' (MLRSs) include self-propelled and towed forms.

NAVAL FORCES - Values derived from multiple sources. Estimates made when required. 'Total Assets' value includes all possible / available vessels including auxiliaries. 'Aircraft Carriers' value includes only traditional through-deck carriers (both conventionally- and nuclear-powered); Helicopter Carriers are considered in their own separate listing. 'Submarines' value includes both diesel-electric and nuclear-powered types. Landlocked nations are not penalized for the lack of a standing navy. For an in-depth look into the current naval powers of the world, consider "the World Directory of Modern Military Warships" [www.WDMMW.org - external link].

END-USE PRODUCTS - Graphics intended to showcase manufacturing, industrial, and agricultural prowess of a global power. Not all products may be accounted for in the showcase.

NATURAL RESOURCES - Values derived from the CIA World Factbook or estimated in some cases. Values presented as BBL (Barrel unit), cu.m (Cubic Meters), and mt (Metric Tons).

LOGISTICS - Values derived from the CIA World Factbook. Ports & Terminals may reside outside of a nations own borders if arrangements with an ally have been made. Landlocked nations are penalized for the lack of a standing Merchant Marine force.
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