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2023 Afghanistan Military Strength



Afghanistan National flag graphic

For 2023, Afghanistan is ranked 114 of 145 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review. The nation holds a PwrIndx* score of 2.3118 (a score of 0.0000 is considered 'perfect'). This entry last reviewed on 01/19/2023.

*PwrIndx: Each nation is assessed on individual and collective values processed through an in-house formula to generate its 'PwrIndx' (Power Index) score. Some values are estimated when official numbers are not available. View the NOTES tab below for a detailed breakdown of other assessments.
Afghanistan country map image
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Notes:
Afghanistan remains a global military power on the decline following the disastrous Biden Administration exit of the country in August 2021 - leaving behind a treasure trove of Western material for a future enemy. Effects of the withdrawal will be felt for generations to come and accounts for the nation's precipitous drop in the GFP rankings over the last two reviews as the hardline Taliban quickly regains control of the country.

Breakdown



Afghanistan is ranked 114 of 145 out of the countries considered for the annual Global Firepower review. The nation holds a Power Index score of 2.3118 with a score of 0.0000 being considered exceptional in the GFP assessment.
Landlocked country graphic image
Bordered by land on all sides without direct access to the sea, this country is landlocked.

Population
37/ 145
Avail.Manpwr
44/ 145
Fit-for-Serv
50/ 145
Mil.Age.Annu
27/ 145
Active Persn
145/ 145
Rez.Persn
145/ 145
Paramil.Persn
25/ 145
Aircraft
145/ 145
Fighters
145/ 145
Attack Types
145/ 145
Transports
145/ 145
Trainers
145/ 145
Spl.Mission
145/ 145
Tankers
145/ 145
Helicopters
145/ 145
Attack Helos
145/ 145
Tanks
145/ 145
Vehicles
/ 145
Artillery (SP)
145/ 145
Art.(Towed)
/ 145
MLRS
/ 145
Oil Prod
145/ 145
Oil Consump
19/ 145
Oil Rez.Proven
145/ 145
Nat.Gas Prod
76/ 145
NatGas Cons
7/ 145
NatGas Rez
56/ 145
Coal Prod
48/ 145
Coal Consump
54/ 145
Coal Rez.Prvn
60/ 145
Labor Force
81/ 145
Merch.Marines
145/ 145
Major Ports
19/ 145
Roadways
92/ 145
Railways
131/ 145
Airports
80/ 145
Def.Budget
136/ 145
Ext.Debt
1/ 145
Foreign Rez
89/ 145
Purch.Power
136/ 145
Sq.Land Area
40/ 145
Shared Border
111/ 145
Waterways
56/ 145


Excellent
Good
Average
Fair
Poor


GENERAL CAPABILITIES
Theoretical, automatically generated based on supplied values.

National Defense
Guerilla/Asymmetric Warfare
Internal Security
Land Convoy Protection
Indirect Fire Support
Global Trade
Natural Geographic Defense



Capital City: Kabul
Population: 4,435,000


AVERAGE TEMPS / PRECIPITATION
JAN
32F
FEB
35F
MAR
47F
APR
58F
MAY
66F
JUN
74F
JUL
79F
AUG
77F
SEP
69F
OCT
58F
NOV
47F
DEC
38F
Showcased as average temperatures (F) found across a given country's capital city over a twelve-month calendar period (January-December). Colors represent cooler-to-warmer temperatures depending on time of year. Average monthly precipitation chances (0% to 100%) are show as green stripes under temperature values (brighter green = higher chance of precipitation).


The act of waging (and sustaining) a prolonged conflict requires a massive financial commitment from all parties involved. As such, GFP focuses on a select group of financially-related categories showcased below.


Small graph icon
136/145
Purchasing Power Parity:
$18,000,000,000 USD
Small graph icon
89/145
Foreign Exchange/Gold:
$5,000,000,000 USD
Small graph icon
136/145
Defense Budget:
$49,525,000 USD
Small graph icon
1/145
External Debt:
$145,000,000 USD
All monetary values presented in United States Dollar (USD$).


Manpower is one of the few categories that every nation satisfies in the GFP index to one extent or another. These categories detail the maximum and realistic number of souls a given nation can commit to a war effort, be it offensive or defensive in nature.


Small graph icon
37/145
Total Population:
38,346,720
Small graph icon
44/145
Available Manpower
14,955,221 (39.0%)
Small graph icon
50/145
Fit-for-Service
8,436,278 (22.0%)
Small graph icon
27/145
Reaching Mil Age Annually
805,281 (2.1%)
Tot Mil. Personnel (est.)
60,000 (0.2%)
Small graph icon
145/145
Active Personnel
0 (0.0%)
Small graph icon
145/145
Reserve Personnel
0 (0.0%)
Small graph icon
25/145
Paramilitary
60,000 (0.2%)
Small graph icon
145/145
Air Force Personnel*
0
Small graph icon
145/145
Army Personnel*
0
Small graph icon
145/145
Navy Personnel*
0


*These values may be estimated.
Manpower Composition:
Hover over the various color-coded sections in the bar below for details on each category.


GFP tracks specific categories related to land warfare capabilities of a given power. READINESS values are based against the U.S. Army's 80% average across all categories to account for availability of individual battlefield assets due to general maintenance, modernization, refurbishment and the like.


Small graph icon
145/145
Tanks:
Stock: 0
Readiness: 0*
Small graph icon
0/145
Vehicles:
Stock: 530
Readiness: 159*
Small graph icon
145/145
Self-Propelled Artillery:
Stock: 0
Readiness: 0*
Small graph icon
0/145
Towed Artillery:
Stock: 60
Readiness: 18*
Small graph icon
0/145
MLRS (Rocket Artillery):
Stock: 13
Readiness: 4*


*Values are estimated.
Inventory Composition:
Hover over pie slices in the chart below for category information.




End-use products reflect a given nation's ability to produce products through manufacturing, industry, and / or agriculture.
Icon image of an apple
APPLES
Icon image of stack of bricks
BRICKS
Icon image of cement bag
CEMENT
Icon image of a womans dress
CLOTHING
Icon image of coal lump
COAL
Icon image of copper nugget
COPPER
Icon image of a fertilizer bag
FERTLZR
Icon image of a table
FURNITRE
Icon image of a grape clump
GRAPES
Icon image of various melon types
MELONS
Icon image of a milk carton
MILK
Icon image representing natural gas
NATGAS
Icon image of an onion
ONIONS
Icon image of a potato
POTATOES
Icon image of a pile of rice
RICE
Icon image of a bar of soap
SOAP
Icon image of textile swatches
TEXTILES
Icon image of a clump of vegetables
VEGTBLES
Icon image of a watermelon
WATRMLN
Icon image of wheat
WHEAT



The GFP index tracks crude Oil (petroleum) and (new as of 2023) Natural Gas and Coal usage / reserves / stock for each country. Natural resources are critical to a nation in both war and peace time, in some cases forming the lifeblood of a given world power. 2022 showed just how natural resources can be 'weaponized' by one party over another.


Small graph icon
145/145
Oil Production:
0 bbl
Small graph icon
19/145
Oil Consumption:
25,000 bbl
Oil Deficit:
-25,000 bbl
Small graph icon
145/145
Oil Proven Reserves:
0 bbl

Small graph icon
76/145
Natural Gas Production:
80,193,000 cu.m
Small graph icon
7/145
Natural Gas Consumption:
80,193,000 cu.m
Natural Gas Deficit:
0 cu.m
Small graph icon
56/145
Nat.Gas Proven Rez:
49,554,000,000 cu.m

Small graph icon
48/145
Coal Production:
2,096,000 mt
Small graph icon
54/145
Coal Consumption:
2,096,000 mt
Coal Deficit:
0 mt
Small graph icon
60/145
Coal Proven Reserves:
66,000,000 mt
Oil bbl represented as unit 'barrel of oil'. Natural Gas represented in 'cubic meters'. Coal represented in 'metric tons'.


The GFP formula tracks various factors related to logistics which prove critical to any one global power in both war and peace time. These factor into a nation's ability to move man, machine, and supplies from one point to another - a particularly important quality when considering mass-mobilization.


Small graph icon
81/145
Labor Force:
4,240,000
Small graph icon
145/145
Merchant Marine Fleet:
0
Small graph icon
19/145
Ports / Trade Terminals:
2
Small graph icon
80/145
Airports:
46
Small graph icon
92/145
Roadway Coverage:
34,903 km
Small graph icon
131/145
Railway Coverage:
0 km
Small graph icon
56/145
Waterways (usable):
1,200 km



FINANCIALS - Values partly derived from the CIA World Factbook and presented in USD ($). Estimates made when needed.

GEOGRAPHY - Values derived from the CIA World Factbook. As geography can play a role in both offensive and defensive wars, the GFP formula takes geographic qualities into account (border coverage, coastline coverage).

CAPITAL - Basic details covering the name, population, temperature, and precipitation values of a given capital city.

MANPOWER - Values partly derived from the CIA World Factbook. Some values may be estimated.

AIRPOWER - Values derived from multiple sources. Estimates made when required. Total Aircraft Strength value includes both fixed-wing and rotorcraft platforms from all branches of service (at this time UAVs are not included). 'Attack' value constitutes purpose-built, fixed-wing dedicated attack types. 'Transports' value includes only fixed-wing aircraft while all rotorcraft are represented under the 'Helicopters' value. For an in-depth look into the current air powers of the world, consider "the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft" [www.WDMMA.org - external link].

LAND FORCES - Values derived from multiple sources. Estimates made when required. 'Tanks' value includes Main Battle Tanks (MBTs), medium tanks, and light tanks. 'Vehicles' value includes APCs, IFVs, MRAPs, Armored Cars, and support / logistical / engineering types. 'Rocket Projectors' (MLRSs) include self-propelled and towed forms.

NAVAL FORCES - Values derived from multiple sources. Estimates made when required. 'Total Assets' value includes all possible / available vessels including auxiliaries. 'Aircraft Carriers' value includes only traditional through-deck carriers (both conventionally- and nuclear-powered); Helicopter Carriers are considered in their own separate listing. 'Submarines' value includes both diesel-electric and nuclear-powered types. Landlocked nations are not penalized for the lack of a standing navy. For an in-depth look into the current naval powers of the world, consider "the World Directory of Modern Military Warships" [www.WDMMW.org - external link].

END-USE PRODUCTS - Graphics intended to showcase manufacturing, industrial, and agricultural prowess of a global power. Not all products may be accounted for in the showcase.

NATURAL RESOURCES - Values derived from the CIA World Factbook or estimated in some cases. Values presented as BBL (Barrel unit), cu.m (Cubic Meters), and mt (Metric Tons).

LOGISTICS - Values derived from the CIA World Factbook. Ports & Terminals may reside outside of a nations own borders if arrangements with an ally have been made. Landlocked nations are penalized for the lack of a standing Merchant Marine force.
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