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External Debt by Country (2021)



GOVERNMENT | FINANCIALS

Ranking total annual external debt ratings by country, from highest to lowest.



Global Firepower tracks External Debt of each participant in its annual defense review. External Debt is defined as both public and private debt carried as owed to outside parties (namely the international community) and may repayable through currency exchanges, consumer/durable goods, and applicable services.

Typically, larger, better-developed nations carry equally-large external debt totals to compensate for their population sizes. External Debt is just one outlying factory considered in the GFP ranking concerning a given nation's fiscal health - namely due to the inherently large cost of going to war or maintaining a sizeable standing military. For the purposes of the GFP ranking, External Debt is used as a penalty.

Data presented on this list is through 2021. Estimates are made when official data is not available.
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1
United States
USA
$ 17,910,000,000,000
2
United Kingdom
UKD
$ 8,126,000,000,000
3
France
FRA
$ 5,360,000,000,000
4
Germany
GER
$ 5,326,000,000,000
5
Netherlands
NET
$ 4,063,000,000,000
6
Japan
JPN
$ 3,240,000,000,000
7
Ireland
IRE
$ 2,470,000,000,000
8
Italy
ITA
$ 2,444,000,000,000
9
Spain
SPA
$ 2,094,000,000,000
10
Australia
AUS
$ 1,714,000,000,000
11
Switzerland
SWI
$ 1,664,000,000,000
12
Canada
CAN
$ 1,608,000,000,000
13
China
CHN
$ 1,598,000,000,000
14
Belgium
BEL
$ 1,281,000,000,000
15
Sweden
SWE
$ 939,900,000,000
16
Norway
NOR
$ 642,300,000,000
17
Austria
AST
$ 630,800,000,000
18
Singapore
SIN
$ 566,100,000,000
19
Brazil
BRA
$ 547,400,000,000
20
Russia
RUS
$ 539,600,000,000
21
Greece
GRE
$ 506,600,000,000
22
India
IND
$ 501,600,000,000
23
Denmark
DEN
$ 484,800,000,000
24
Turkey
TUR
$ 452,400,000,000
25
Portugal
POR
$ 449,000,000,000
26
Mexico
MEX
$ 445,800,000,000
27
South Korea
SKO
$ 384,600,000,000
28
Indonesia
INO
$ 344,400,000,000
29
Poland
POL
$ 241,000,000,000
30
United Arab Emirates
UAE
$ 237,600,000,000
31
Malaysia
MLY
$ 217,200,000,000
32
Argentina
ARG
$ 214,900,000,000
33
Czechia
CZC
$ 205,200,000,000
34
Saudi Arabia
SAR
$ 205,100,000,000
35
Chile
CHI
$ 183,400,000,000
36
Taiwan
TAI
$ 181,900,000,000
37
Qatar
QTR
$ 167,800,000,000
38
Kazakhstan
KAZ
$ 167,500,000,000
39
South Africa
SAF
$ 156,300,000,000
40
Finland
FIN
$ 150,600,000,000
41
Hungary
HUN
$ 138,100,000,000
42
Thailand
THA
$ 132,000,000,000
43
Ukraine
UKR
$ 130,000,000,000
44
Colombia
COL
$ 124,600,000,000
45
Venezuela
VEN
$ 100,300,000,000
46
Vietnam
VTN
$ 96,580,000,000
47
Romania
ROM
$ 95,970,000,000
48
New Zealand
NWZ
$ 91,620,000,000
49
Panama
PAN
$ 91,530,000,000
50
Israel
ISR
$ 88,660,000,000
51
Pakistan
PAK
$ 82,190,000,000
52
Egypt
EGY
$ 77,470,000,000
53
Philippines
PHI
$ 76,180,000,000
54
Slovakia
SLK
$ 75,040,000,000
55
Iraq
IRQ
$ 73,020,000,000
56
Peru
PER
$ 66,250,000,000
57
Sudan
SUD
$ 56,050,000,000
58
Bahrain
BAH
$ 52,150,000,000
59
Sri Lanka
SRL
$ 51,720,000,000
60
Morocco
MOR
$ 51,480,000,000
61
Bangladesh
BAN
$ 50,260,000,000
62
Croatia
CRO
$ 48,100,000,000
63
Kuwait
KUW
$ 47,240,000,000
64
Slovenia
SLV
$ 46,300,000,000
65
Oman
OMA
$ 46,270,000,000
66
Angola
ANG
$ 42,080,000,000
67
Bulgaria
BUL
$ 42,060,000,000
68
Nigeria
NGA
$ 40,960,000,000
69
Latvia
LAT
$ 40,020,000,000
70
Belarus
BLR
$ 39,920,000,000
71
Lebanon
LEB
$ 39,300,000,000
72
Ecuador
ECU
$ 39,290,000,000
73
Lithuania
LIT
$ 34,480,000,000
74
Tunisia
TUN
$ 30,190,000,000
75
Cuba
CUB
$ 30,060,000,000
76
Serbia
SER
$ 29,500,000,000
77
Jordan
JOR
$ 29,340,000,000
78
Dominican Republic
DOM
$ 29,160,000,000
79
Uruguay
URU
$ 28,370,000,000
80
Kenya
KEN
$ 27,590,000,000
81
Ethiopia
ETH
$ 26,050,000,000
82
Mongolia
MON
$ 25,330,000,000
83
Guatemala
GUA
$ 22,920,000,000
84
Ghana
GHA
$ 22,140,000,000
85
Estonia
EST
$ 19,050,000,000
86
Paraguay
PAR
$ 17,700,000,000
87
Tanzania
TAN
$ 17,660,000,000
88
Azerbaijan
AZR
$ 17,410,000,000
89
Georgia
GEO
$ 16,990,000,000
90
Uzbekistan
UZB
$ 16,900,000,000
91
El Salvador
ESL
$ 15,510,000,000
92
Laos
LAO
$ 14,900,000,000
93
Ivory Coast
IVC
$ 13,070,000,000
94
Bolivia
BOL
$ 12,810,000,000
95
Cambodia
CMB
$ 11,870,000,000
96
Zambia
ZAM
$ 11,660,000,000
97
Nicaragua
NIC
$ 11,310,000,000
98
Mozambique
MOZ
$ 10,910,000,000
99
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BOS
$ 10,870,000,000
100
Uganda
UGA
$ 10,800,000,000
101
Armenia
ARM
$ 10,410,000,000
102
Albania
ALB
$ 9,505,000,000
103
Cameroon
CAM
$ 9,375,000,000
104
Zimbabwe
ZIM
$ 9,357,000,000
105
North Macedonia
MAC
$ 8,790,000,000
106
Honduras
HON
$ 8,625,000,000
107
Kyrgyzstan
KYR
$ 8,164,000,000
108
Iran
IRN
$ 7,995,000,000
109
Namibia
NAM
$ 7,969,000,000
110
Yemen
YEM
$ 7,068,000,000
111
Myanmar
MYA
$ 6,594,000,000
112
Moldova
MOL
$ 6,549,000,000
113
Gabon
GAB
$ 6,490,000,000
114
Algeria
ALG
$ 6,260,000,000
115
Nepal
NEP
$ 5,849,000,000
116
Tajikistan
TAJ
$ 5,750,000,000
117
Somalia
SOM
$ 5,300,000,000
118
North Korea
NKO
$ 5,000,000,000
119
Syria
SYR
$ 4,989,000,000
120
Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRC
$ 4,963,000,000
121
Republic of the Congo
ROC
$ 4,605,000,000
122
Mali
MAL
$ 4,192,000,000
123
Mauritania
MAU
$ 4,150,000,000
124
Madagascar
MAD
$ 4,089,000,000
125
Niger
NGR
$ 3,728,000,000
126
Burkina Faso
BKF
$ 3,056,000,000
127
Libya
LBY
$ 3,020,000,000
128
Afghanistan
AFG
$ 2,840,000,000
129
Bhutan
BUT
$ 2,671,000,000
130
Montenegro
MTN
$ 2,516,000,000
131
Kosovo
KOS
$ 2,400,000,000
132
South Sudan
SSU
$ 2,250,000,000
133
Botswana
BOT
$ 2,187,000,000
134
Chad
CHD
$ 1,724,000,000
135
Suriname
SUR
$ 1,700,000,000
136
Sierra Leone
SIE
$ 1,615,000,000
137
Liberia
LIB
$ 1,036,000,000
138
Eritrea
ERI
$ 835,000,000
139
Central African Republic
CAR
$ 779,900,000
140
Turkmenistan
TKM
$ 539,400,000

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