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External Debt by Country (2023)



GOVERNMENT | FINANCIALS

Ranking total annual external debt ratings by country, from highest to lowest.



Global Firepower tracks External Debt of each participant in its annual defense review. External Debt is defined as both public and private debt carried as owed to outside parties (namely the international community) and may repayable through currency exchanges, consumer/durable goods, and applicable services.

Typically, larger, better-developed nations carry equally-large external debt totals to compensate for their population sizes. External Debt is just one outlying factory considered in the GFP ranking concerning a given nation's fiscal health - namely due to the inherently large cost of going to war or maintaining a sizeable standing military. For the purposes of the GFP ranking, External Debt is used as a penalty.

Data presented on this list is through 2023.
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External Debt (TOP 5)
1
United States
USA
$ 20,275,951,000,000
2
United Kingdom
UKD
$ 8,721,590,000,000
3
France
FRA
$ 6,356,459,000,000
4
Germany
GER
$ 5,671,463,000,000
5
Netherlands
NTH
$ 4,345,413,000,000
6
Luxembourg
LUX
$ 4,300,000,000,000
7
Japan
JPN
$ 4,254,271,000,000
8
Australia
AUS
$ 3,115,913,000,000
9
Ireland
IRE
$ 3,000,000,000,000
10
Italy
ITA
$ 2,500,000,000,000
11
Spain
SPN
$ 2,338,853,000,000
12
Canada
CAN
$ 2,124,887,000,000
13
China
CHN
$ 2,027,950,000,000
14
Switzerland
SWZ
$ 2,000,000,000,000
15
Singapore
SNG
$ 1,557,646,000,000
16
Belgium
BEL
$ 1,317,513,000,000
17
Sweden
SWE
$ 911,317,000,000
18
Brazil
BRA
$ 700,000,000,000
19
Austria
AST
$ 700,000,000,000
20
Norway
NOR
$ 651,040,000,000
21
Finland
FIN
$ 600,000,000,000
22
India
IND
$ 555,388,000,000
23
Denmark
DEN
$ 505,000,000,000
24
Russia
RUS
$ 500,000,000,000
25
Greece
GRE
$ 500,000,000,000
26
South Korea
SKO
$ 457,745,000,000
27
Mexico
MEX
$ 456,713,000,000
28
Turkiye
TKY
$ 455,000,000,000
29
Portugal
POR
$ 401,999,000,000
30
Indonesia
INO
$ 400,000,000,000
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31
Poland
POL
$ 351,770,000,000
32
Argentina
ARG
$ 280,000,000,000
33
United Arab Emirates
UAE
$ 240,000,000,000
34
Malaysia
MLY
$ 225,000,000,000
35
Saudi Arabia
SAR
$ 205,100,000,000
36
Chile
CHI
$ 195,000,000,000
37
Czechia
CZC
$ 192,000,000,000
38
New Zealand
NWZ
$ 190,621,000,000
39
Taiwan
TWN
$ 190,000,000,000
40
South Africa
SAF
$ 180,000,000,000
41
Thailand
THL
$ 170,000,000,000
42
Qatar
QTR
$ 170,000,000,000
43
Kazakhstan
KAZ
$ 160,000,000,000
44
Colombia
COL
$ 135,644,000,000
45
Israel
ISR
$ 135,000,000,000
46
Hungary
HUN
$ 125,000,000,000
47
Ukraine
UKR
$ 120,000,000,000
48
Romania
ROM
$ 120,000,000,000
49
Slovakia
SLK
$ 116,000,000,000
50
Pakistan
PAK
$ 110,000,000,000
51
Egypt
EGY
$ 110,000,000,000
52
Panama
PAN
$ 101,393,000,000
53
Venezuela
VEN
$ 100,300,000,000
54
Vietnam
VET
$ 100,000,000,000
55
Philippines
PHL
$ 82,000,000,000
56
Peru
PER
$ 81,333,000,000
57
Iraq
IRQ
$ 75,000,000,000
58
Sudan
SDN
$ 56,050,000,000
59
Sri Lanka
SRL
$ 55,332,000,000
60
Morocco
MOR
$ 55,000,000,000
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61
Bahrain
BAH
$ 55,000,000,000
62
Ecuador
ECU
$ 50,667,000,000
63
Bangladesh
BNG
$ 50,300,000,000
64
Croatia
CRO
$ 50,000,000,000
65
Slovenia
SLV
$ 50,000,000,000
66
Kuwait
KUW
$ 50,000,000,000
67
Oman
OMA
$ 46,270,000,000
68
Uruguay
URU
$ 45,000,000,000
69
Angola
ANG
$ 45,000,000,000
70
Latvia
LAT
$ 40,164,000,000
71
Lithuania
LIT
$ 40,000,000,000
72
Bulgaria
BUL
$ 40,000,000,000
73
Belarus
BLR
$ 40,000,000,000
74
Tunisia
TUN
$ 36,000,000,000
75
Lebanon
LEB
$ 35,000,000,000
76
Jordan
JOR
$ 35,000,000,000
77
Serbia
SRB
$ 32,000,000,000
78
Cuba
CUB
$ 30,060,000,000
79
Ethiopia
ETH
$ 30,000,000,000
80
Kenya
KEN
$ 30,000,000,000
81
Mongolia
MGL
$ 30,000,000,000
82
Nigeria
NGA
$ 27,000,000,000
83
Guatemala
GUA
$ 25,000,000,000
84
Dominican Republic
DOM
$ 25,000,000,000
85
Estonia
EST
$ 24,000,000,000
86
Tanzania
TNZ
$ 22,054,000,000
87
Ghana
GHA
$ 20,500,000,000
88
Iceland
ICE
$ 20,000,000,000
89
Azerbaijan
AZR
$ 20,000,000,000
90
Georgia
GEO
$ 20,000,000,000
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91
El Salvador
ESL
$ 17,240,000,000
92
Uzbekistan
UZB
$ 17,000,000,000
93
Paraguay
PAR
$ 16,622,000,000
94
Laos
LAO
$ 15,000,000,000
95
Ivory Coast
IVC
$ 15,000,000,000
96
Uganda
UGA
$ 14,000,000,000
97
Bolivia
BOL
$ 13,000,000,000
98
Armenia
ARM
$ 12,000,000,000
99
Cambodia
CMB
$ 12,000,000,000
100
Nicaragua
NIC
$ 12,000,000,000
101
Zambia
ZAM
$ 12,000,000,000
102
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BOS
$ 11,000,000,000
103
Mozambique
MOZ
$ 11,000,000,000
104
Kyrgyzstan
KYR
$ 10,000,000,000
105
Senegal
SEN
$ 10,000,000,000
106
North Macedonia
MAC
$ 10,000,000,000
107
Zimbabwe
ZIM
$ 10,000,000,000
108
Albania
ALB
$ 10,000,000,000
109
Honduras
HON
$ 10,000,000,000
110
Cameroon
CAM
$ 9,400,000,000
111
Iran
IRN
$ 8,000,000,000
112
Namibia
NAM
$ 8,000,000,000
113
Moldova
MOL
$ 7,232,000,000
114
Yemen
YEM
$ 7,000,000,000
115
Myanmar
MYA
$ 6,594,000,000
116
Tajikistan
TJK
$ 6,500,000,000
117
Gabon
GAB
$ 6,500,000,000
118
Algeria
ALG
$ 6,000,000,000
119
Nepal
NEP
$ 6,000,000,000
120
Somalia
SOM
$ 5,300,000,000
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121
Republic of the Congo
ROC
$ 5,000,000,000
122
Syria
SYR
$ 5,000,000,000
123
North Korea
NKO
$ 5,000,000,000
124
Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRC
$ 4,605,000,000
125
Mali
MAL
$ 4,192,000,000
126
Mauritania
MAU
$ 4,150,000,000
127
Niger
NGR
$ 4,000,000,000
128
Madagascar
MAD
$ 3,085,000,000
129
Burkina Faso
BKF
$ 3,056,000,000
130
Libya
LBY
$ 3,020,000,000
131
Bhutan
BUT
$ 3,000,000,000
132
Benin
BEN
$ 2,805,000,000
133
Montenegro
MTN
$ 2,516,000,000
134
Kosovo
KOS
$ 2,500,000,000
135
South Sudan
SSD
$ 2,250,000,000
136
Botswana
BOT
$ 2,200,000,000
137
Suriname
SRN
$ 2,000,000,000
138
Chad
CHD
$ 1,724,000,000
139
Sierra Leone
SLE
$ 1,615,000,000
140
Beliz
BLZ
$ 1,320,000,000
141
Liberia
LIB
$ 826,000,000
142
Eritrea
ERI
$ 800,000,000
143
Central African Republic
CAR
$ 780,000,000
144
Turkmenistan
TKM
$ 540,000,000
145
Afghanistan
AFG
$ 145,000,000

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