GlobalFirepower.com logo
Icon of military officer saluting
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of AK-47 Assault Rifle
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of navy warships
Icon of a dollar sign

Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold by Country

Because war is as much about money as it is about bullets, bombs and missiles - financial health is an important quality to consider.

Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold by Country

Because war is as much about money as it is about bullets, bombs and missiles - financial health is an important quality to consider.

OVERVIEW



Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold allow a nation to repay its foreign obligations (debt) while also continue to strengthen their domestic currency. These reserves also play a part in a nation's credit rating on the world markets. Today, it is said that as much as two-thirds of the world's reserves are held in Asia by China, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and South Korea. For the purposes of the GFP ranking, this plays into the relative financial "health" of nations.

The data presented below is through 2018. Values presented in $USD.


1
National Flag Graphic
3,194,000,000,000
China
CHN
2
National Flag Graphic
1,217,000,000,000
Japan
JPN
3
National Flag Graphic
679,300,000,000
Switzerland
SWI
4
National Flag Graphic
509,000,000,000
Saudi Arabia
SAR
5
National Flag Graphic
468,100,000,000
Taiwan
TAI
6
National Flag Graphic
418,500,000,000
Russia
RUS
7
National Flag Graphic
407,200,000,000
India
IND
8
National Flag Graphic
377,100,000,000
Brazil
BRA
9
National Flag Graphic
374,800,000,000
South Korea
SKO
10
National Flag Graphic
266,300,000,000
Singapore
SIN
11
National Flag Graphic
245,100,000,000
Yemen
YEM
12
National Flag Graphic
193,500,000,000
Thailand
THA
13
National Flag Graphic
189,200,000,000
Mexico
MEX
14
National Flag Graphic
185,300,000,000
Germany
GER
15
National Flag Graphic
161,000,000,000
Czech Republic
CZR
16
National Flag Graphic
146,800,000,000
France
FRA
17
National Flag Graphic
136,000,000,000
Italy
ITA
18
National Flag Graphic
135,000,000,000
United Kingdom
UKD
19
National Flag Graphic
132,600,000,000
Iran
IRN
20
National Flag Graphic
122,500,000,000
Indonesia
INO
21
National Flag Graphic
117,300,000,000
United States
USA
22
National Flag Graphic
115,000,000,000
Poland
POL
23
National Flag Graphic
113,000,000,000
Israel
ISR
24
National Flag Graphic
107,500,000,000
Turkey
TUR
25
National Flag Graphic
97,670,000,000
Algeria
ALG
26
National Flag Graphic
97,440,000,000
Malaysia
MLY
27
National Flag Graphic
89,790,000,000
United Arab Emirates
UAE
28
National Flag Graphic
85,600,000,000
Canada
CAN
29
National Flag Graphic
81,530,000,000
Philippines
PHI
30
National Flag Graphic
69,350,000,000
Libya
LBY
31
National Flag Graphic
68,800,000,000
Denmark
DEN
32
National Flag Graphic
63,140,000,000
Spain
SPA
33
National Flag Graphic
61,340,000,000
Peru
PER
34
National Flag Graphic
60,450,000,000
Norway
NOR
35
National Flag Graphic
60,300,000,000
Australia
AUS
36
National Flag Graphic
59,390,000,000
Sweden
SWE
37
National Flag Graphic
53,100,000,000
Lebanon
LEB
38
National Flag Graphic
52,970,000,000
Argentina
ARG
39
National Flag Graphic
48,180,000,000
South Africa
SAF
40
National Flag Graphic
47,020,000,000
Iraq
IRQ
41
National Flag Graphic
46,400,000,000
Colombia
COL
42
National Flag Graphic
45,070,000,000
Romania
ROM
43
National Flag Graphic
39,110,000,000
Chile
CHI
44
National Flag Graphic
38,750,000,000
Vietnam
VTN
45
National Flag Graphic
36,130,000,000
Netherlands
NET
46
National Flag Graphic
34,020,000,000
Egypt
EGP
47
National Flag Graphic
33,660,000,000
Bangladesh
BAN
48
National Flag Graphic
33,130,000,000
Kuwait
KUW
49
National Flag Graphic
31,440,000,000
Kazakhstan
KAZ
50
National Flag Graphic
31,080,000,000
Nigeria
NIG
51
National Flag Graphic
27,520,000,000
Bulgaria
BUL
52
National Flag Graphic
27,020,000,000
Hungary
HUN
53
National Flag Graphic
25,130,000,000
Portugal
POR
54
National Flag Graphic
23,570,000,000
Belgium
BEL
55
National Flag Graphic
23,360,000,000
Austria
AST
56
National Flag Graphic
22,970,000,000
Morocco
MOR
57
National Flag Graphic
21,800,000,000
Ukraine
UKR
58
National Flag Graphic
20,600,000,000
Turkmenistan
TKM
59
National Flag Graphic
20,020,000,000
Pakistan
PAK
60
National Flag Graphic
19,960,000,000
Oman
OMA
61
National Flag Graphic
18,320,000,000
New Zealand
NWZ
62
National Flag Graphic
18,100,000,000
Angola
ANG
63
National Flag Graphic
16,890,000,000
Qatar
QTR
64
National Flag Graphic
16,000,000,000
Uzbekistan
UZB
65
National Flag Graphic
15,980,000,000
Jordan
JOR
66
National Flag Graphic
15,530,000,000
Croatia
CRO
67
National Flag Graphic
14,280,000,000
Uruguay
URU
68
National Flag Graphic
12,800,000,000
Cuba
CUB
69
National Flag Graphic
11,290,000,000
Cambodia
CMB
70
National Flag Graphic
10,800,000,000
Finland
FIN
71
National Flag Graphic
10,790,000,000
Serbia
SER
72
National Flag Graphic
10,050,000,000
Guatemala
GUA
73
National Flag Graphic
8,886,000,000
Azerbaijan
AZR
74
National Flag Graphic
8,668,000,000
Nepal
NEP
75
National Flag Graphic
8,287,000,000
Bolivia
BOL
76
National Flag Graphic
7,592,000,000
Kenya
KEN
77
National Flag Graphic
7,504,000,000
Paraguay
PAR
78
National Flag Graphic
7,476,000,000
Botswana
BOT
79
National Flag Graphic
7,345,000,000
Ghana
GHA
80
National Flag Graphic
6,893,000,000
Greece
GRE
81
National Flag Graphic
6,696,000,000
Venezuela
VEN
82
National Flag Graphic
6,632,000,000
Sri Lanka
SRL
83
National Flag Graphic
6,477,000,000
Afghanistan
AFG
84
National Flag Graphic
6,233,000,000
Dominican Republic
DOM
85
National Flag Graphic
6,000,000,000
North Korea
NKO
86
National Flag Graphic
6,000,000,000
Mongolia
MON
87
National Flag Graphic
5,699,000,000
Tunisia
TUN
88
National Flag Graphic
5,370,000,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BOS
89
National Flag Graphic
5,059,000,000
Belarus
BLR
90
National Flag Graphic
5,032,000,000
Myanmar
MYA
91
National Flag Graphic
4,688,000,000
Ivory Coast
IVC
92
National Flag Graphic
4,460,000,000
Honduras
HON
93
National Flag Graphic
4,174,000,000
Tanzania
TAN
94
National Flag Graphic
4,128,000,000
Central African Republic
CAR
95
National Flag Graphic
3,935,000,000
Ecuador
ECU
96
National Flag Graphic
3,888,000,000
Panama
PAN
97
National Flag Graphic
3,600,000,000
Ireland
IRE
98
National Flag Graphic
3,595,000,000
Latvia
LAT
99
National Flag Graphic
3,274,000,000
Albania
ALB
100
National Flag Graphic
3,147,000,000
Ethiopia
ETH
101
National Flag Graphic
3,133,000,000
Slovakia
SLK
102
National Flag Graphic
3,074,000,000
Mali
MAL
103
National Flag Graphic
3,067,000,000
El Salvador
ESL
104
National Flag Graphic
3,045,000,000
Uganda
UGA
105
National Flag Graphic
2,945,000,000
Georgia
GEO
106
National Flag Graphic
2,794,000,000
Macedonia
MAC
107
National Flag Graphic
2,602,000,000
Lithuania
LIT
108
National Flag Graphic
2,521,000,000
Nicaragua
NIC
109
National Flag Graphic
2,426,000,000
Zambia
ZAM
110
National Flag Graphic
2,411,000,000
Kyrgyzstan
KYR
111
National Flag Graphic
2,357,000,000
Cameroon
CAM
112
National Flag Graphic
2,332,750,000
Sierra Leone
SIE
113
National Flag Graphic
2,242,000,000
Armenia
ARM
114
National Flag Graphic
2,193,000,000
Mozambique
MOZ
115
National Flag Graphic
2,166,000,000
Bahrain
BAH
116
National Flag Graphic
1,949,000,000
Namibia
NAM
117
National Flag Graphic
1,675,000,000
Liberia
LIB
118
National Flag Graphic
1,186,150,000
Mauritania
MAU
119
National Flag Graphic
1,141,000,000
Madagascar
MAD
120
National Flag Graphic
989,800,000
Laos
LAO
121
National Flag Graphic
911,200,000
Slovenia
SLV
122
National Flag Graphic
903,000,000
Niger
NGR
123
National Flag Graphic
834,900,000
Gabon
GAB
124
National Flag Graphic
813,400,000
Republic of the Congo
ROC
125
National Flag Graphic
700,000,000
Montenegro
MTN
126
National Flag Graphic
642,400,000
Tajikistan
TAJ
127
National Flag Graphic
504,900,000
Sudan
SUD
128
National Flag Graphic
444,600,000
Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRC
129
National Flag Graphic
407,300,000
Syria
SYR
130
National Flag Graphic
389,800,000
Estonia
EST
131
National Flag Graphic
381,100,000
Suriname
SUR
132
National Flag Graphic
374,000,000
Zimbabwe
ZIM
133
National Flag Graphic
100,000,000
South Sudan
SSU
134
National Flag Graphic
74,200,000
Chad
CHD
135
National Flag Graphic
30,450,000
Somalia
SOM
136
National Flag Graphic
15,000,000
Bhutan
BUT