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Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold by Country

Because war is as much about money as it is about bullets, bombs and missiles - financial health is an important quality to consider.

Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold by Country

Because war is as much about money as it is about bullets, bombs and missiles - financial health is an important quality to consider.

OVERVIEW



Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold allow a nation to repay its foreign obligations (debt) while also continue to strengthen their domestic currency. These reserves also play a part in a nation's credit rating on the world markets. Today, it is said that as much as two-thirds of the world's reserves are held in Asia by China, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and South Korea. For the purposes of the GFP ranking, this plays into the relative financial "health" of nations.

The data presented below is through 2019. Values presented in $USD.


1
China
CHN
3,236,000,000,000
3,236,000,000,000
2
Japan
JPN
1,264,000,000,000
1,264,000,000,000
3
Canada
CAN
866,800,000,000
866,800,000,000
4
Switzerland
SWI
811,200,000,000
811,200,000,000
5
Saudi Arabia
SAR
496,400,000,000
496,400,000,000
6
Taiwan
TAI
456,700,000,000
456,700,000,000
7
Russia
RUS
432,700,000,000
432,700,000,000
8
India
IND
409,800,000,000
409,800,000,000
9
South Korea
SKO
389,200,000,000
389,200,000,000
10
Brazil
BRA
374,000,000,000
374,000,000,000
11
Singapore
SIN
279,900,000,000
279,900,000,000
12
Thailand
THA
202,600,000,000
202,600,000,000
13
Germany
GER
200,100,000,000
200,100,000,000
14
Mexico
MEX
175,300,000,000
175,300,000,000
15
France
FRA
156,400,000,000
156,400,000,000
16
Italy
ITA
151,200,000,000
151,200,000,000
17
United Kingdom
UKD
150,800,000,000
150,800,000,000
18
Czechia
CZC
148,000,000,000
148,000,000,000
19
Indonesia
INO
130,200,000,000
130,200,000,000
20
United States
USA
123,300,000,000
123,300,000,000
21
Iran
IRN
120,600,000,000
120,600,000,000
22
Poland
POL
113,300,000,000
113,300,000,000
23
Israel
ISR
113,000,000,000
113,000,000,000
24
Turkey
TUR
107,700,000,000
107,700,000,000
25
Malaysia
MLY
102,400,000,000
102,400,000,000
26
Algeria
ALG
97,890,000,000
97,890,000,000
27
United Arab Emirates
UAE
95,370,000,000
95,370,000,000
28
Philippines
PHI
81,570,000,000
81,570,000,000
29
Denmark
DEN
75,250,000,000
75,250,000,000
30
Libya
LBY
74,710,000,000
74,710,000,000
31
Spain
SPA
69,410,000,000
69,410,000,000
32
Australia
AUS
66,580,000,000
66,580,000,000
33
Norway
NOR
65,920,000,000
65,920,000,000
34
Peru
PER
63,830,000,000
63,830,000,000
35
Sweden
SWE
62,220,000,000
62,220,000,000
36
Lebanon
LEB
55,420,000,000
55,420,000,000
37
Argentina
ARG
55,330,000,000
55,330,000,000
38
South Africa
SAF
50,720,000,000
50,720,000,000
39
Vietnam
VTN
49,500,000,000
49,500,000,000
40
Iraq
IRQ
48,880,000,000
48,880,000,000
41
Colombia
COL
47,130,000,000
47,130,000,000
42
Romania
ROM
44,430,000,000
44,430,000,000
43
Chile
CHI
38,980,000,000
38,980,000,000
44
Nigeria
NIG
38,770,000,000
38,770,000,000
45
Netherlands
NET
38,440,000,000
38,440,000,000
46
Egypt
EGP
35,890,000,000
35,890,000,000
47
Kuwait
KUW
33,700,000,000
33,700,000,000
48
Bangladesh
BAN
33,420,000,000
33,420,000,000
49
Kazakhstan
KAZ
30,750,000,000
30,750,000,000
50
Bulgaria
BUL
28,380,000,000
28,380,000,000
51
Hungary
HUN
28,000,000,000
28,000,000,000
52
Morocco
MOR
26,270,000,000
26,270,000,000
53
Belgium
BEL
26,160,000,000
26,160,000,000
54
Portugal
POR
26,110,000,000
26,110,000,000
55
Turkmenistan
TKM
24,910,000,000
24,910,000,000
56
Austria
AST
21,570,000,000
21,570,000,000
57
New Zealand
NWZ
20,680,000,000
20,680,000,000
58
Croatia
CRO
18,820,000,000
18,820,000,000
59
Ukraine
UKR
18,810,000,000
18,810,000,000
60
Pakistan
PAK
18,460,000,000
18,460,000,000
61
Angola
ANG
17,290,000,000
17,290,000,000
62
Oman
OMA
16,090,000,000
16,090,000,000
63
Uzbekistan
UZB
16,000,000,000
16,000,000,000
64
Uruguay
URU
15,960,000,000
15,960,000,000
65
Jordan
JOR
15,560,000,000
15,560,000,000
66
Qatar
QTR
15,010,000,000
15,010,000,000
67
Cambodia
CMB
12,200,000,000
12,200,000,000
68
Serbia
SER
11,910,000,000
11,910,000,000
69
Guatemala
GUA
11,770,000,000
11,770,000,000
70
Cuba
CUB
11,350,000,000
11,350,000,000
71
Finland
FIN
10,510,000,000
10,510,000,000
72
Bolivia
BOL
10,260,000,000
10,260,000,000
73
Venezuela
VEN
9,661,000,000
9,661,000,000
74
Nepal
NEP
9,091,000,000
9,091,000,000
75
Sri Lanka
SRL
7,959,000,000
7,959,000,000
76
Paraguay
PAR
7,877,000,000
7,877,000,000
77
Greece
GRE
7,807,000,000
7,807,000,000
78
Ghana
GHA
7,555,000,000
7,555,000,000
79
Botswana
BOT
7,491,000,000
7,491,000,000
80
Kenya
KEN
7,354,000,000
7,354,000,000
81
Belarus
BLR
7,315,000,000
7,315,000,000
82
Afghanistan
AFG
7,187,000,000
7,187,000,000
83
Dominican Republic
DOM
6,873,000,000
6,873,000,000
84
Azerbaijan
AZR
6,681,000,000
6,681,000,000
85
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BOS
6,474,000,000
6,474,000,000
86
Ivory Coast
IVC
6,257,000,000
6,257,000,000
87
Tunisia
TUN
5,594,000,000
5,594,000,000
88
Tanzania
TAN
5,301,000,000
5,301,000,000
89
North Korea
NKO
5,000,000,000
5,000,000,000
90
Myanmar
MYA
4,924,000,000
4,924,000,000
91
Honduras
HON
4,708,000,000
4,708,000,000
92
Latvia
LAT
4,614,000,000
4,614,000,000
93
Lithuania
LIT
4,450,000,000
4,450,000,000
94
Ireland
IRE
4,412,000,000
4,412,000,000
95
Uganda
UGA
3,654,000,000
3,654,000,000
96
Slovakia
SLK
3,622,000,000
3,622,000,000
97
Albania
ALB
3,590,000,000
3,590,000,000
98
El Salvador
ESL
3,567,000,000
3,567,000,000
99
Mozambique
MOZ
3,361,000,000
3,361,000,000
100
Cameroon
CAM
3,235,000,000
3,235,000,000
101
Georgia
GEO
3,039,000,000
3,039,000,000
102
Mongolia
MON
3,016,000,000
3,016,000,000
103
Ethiopia
ETH
3,013,000,000
3,013,000,000
104
Moldova
MOL
2,803,000,000
2,803,000,000
105
Macedonia
MAC
2,802,000,000
2,802,000,000
106
Nicaragua
NIC
2,758,000,000
2,758,000,000
107
Panama
PAN
2,703,000,000
2,703,000,000
108
Namibia
NAM
2,432,000,000
2,432,000,000
109
Ecuador
ECU
2,395,000,000
2,395,000,000
110
Bahrain
BAH
2,349,000,000
2,349,000,000
111
Armenia
ARM
2,314,000,000
2,314,000,000
112
Kyrgyzstan
KYR
2,177,000,000
2,177,000,000
113
Zambia
ZAM
2,082,000,000
2,082,000,000
114
Madagascar
MAD
1,600,000,000
1,600,000,000
115
Niger
NGR
1,314,000,000
1,314,000,000
116
Tajikistan
TAJ
1,292,000,000
1,292,000,000
117
Laos
LAO
1,270,000,000
1,270,000,000
118
Bhutan
BUT
1,206,000,000
1,206,000,000
119
Montenegro
MTN
1,077,000,000
1,077,000,000
120
Gabon
GAB
981,600,000
981,600,000
121
Slovenia
SLV
889,900,000
889,900,000
122
Mauritania
MAU
875,000,000
875,000,000
123
Mali
MAL
647,800,000
647,800,000
124
Republic of the Congo
ROC
505,700,000
505,700,000
125
Sierra Leone
SIE
478,000,000
478,000,000
126
Liberia
LIB
459,800,000
459,800,000
127
Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRC
457,500,000
457,500,000
128
Zimbabwe
ZIM
431,800,000
431,800,000
129
Suriname
SUR
424,400,000
424,400,000
130
Syria
SYR
407,300,000
407,300,000
131
Estonia
EST
345,000,000
345,000,000
132
Central African Republic
CAR
304,300,000
304,300,000
133
Yemen
YEM
245,400,000
245,400,000
134
Sudan
SUD
198,000,000
198,000,000
135
South Sudan
SSU
73,000,000
73,000,000
136
Somalia
SOM
30,450,000
30,450,000
137
Chad
CHD
22,900,000
22,900,000