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Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold by Country


Because war is as much about money as it is about bullets, bombs and missiles - financial health is an important quality to consider.

Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold allow a nation to repay its foreign obligations (debt) while also continue to strengthen their domestic currency. These reserves also play a part in a nation's credit rating on the world markets. Today, it is said that as much as two-thirds of the world's reserves are held in Asia by China, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and South Korea. For the purposes of the GFP ranking, this plays into the relative financial "health" of nations.

The data presented below is through 2018. Values presented in $USD.

1
National Flag
3,194,000,000,000  
China
CHN
2
National Flag
1,217,000,000,000  
Japan
JPN
3
National Flag
679,300,000,000  
Switzerland
SWI
4
National Flag
509,000,000,000  
Saudi Arabia
SAR
5
National Flag
468,100,000,000  
Taiwan
TAI
6
National Flag
418,500,000,000  
Russia
RUS
7
National Flag
407,200,000,000  
India
IND
8
National Flag
377,100,000,000  
Brazil
BRA
9
National Flag
374,800,000,000  
South Korea
SKO
10
National Flag
266,300,000,000  
Singapore
SIN
11
National Flag
245,100,000,000  
Yemen
YEM
12
National Flag
193,500,000,000  
Thailand
THA
13
National Flag
189,200,000,000  
Mexico
MEX
14
National Flag
185,300,000,000  
Germany
GER
15
National Flag
161,000,000,000  
Czech Republic
CZR
16
National Flag
146,800,000,000  
France
FRA
17
National Flag
136,000,000,000  
Italy
ITA
18
National Flag
135,000,000,000  
United Kingdom
UKD
19
National Flag
132,600,000,000  
Iran
IRN
20
National Flag
122,500,000,000  
Indonesia
INO
21
National Flag
117,300,000,000  
United States
USA
22
National Flag
115,000,000,000  
Poland
POL
23
National Flag
113,000,000,000  
Israel
ISR
24
National Flag
107,500,000,000  
Turkey
TUR
25
National Flag
97,670,000,000  
Algeria
ALG
26
National Flag
97,440,000,000  
Malaysia
MLY
27
National Flag
89,790,000,000  
United Arab Emirates
UAE
28
National Flag
85,600,000,000  
Canada
CAN
29
National Flag
81,530,000,000  
Philippines
PHI
30
National Flag
69,350,000,000  
Libya
LBY
31
National Flag
68,800,000,000  
Denmark
DEN
32
National Flag
63,140,000,000  
Spain
SPA
33
National Flag
61,340,000,000  
Peru
PER
34
National Flag
60,450,000,000  
Norway
NOR
35
National Flag
60,300,000,000  
Australia
AUS
36
National Flag
59,390,000,000  
Sweden
SWE
37
National Flag
53,100,000,000  
Lebanon
LEB
38
National Flag
52,970,000,000  
Argentina
ARG
39
National Flag
48,180,000,000  
South Africa
SAF
40
National Flag
47,020,000,000  
Iraq
IRQ
41
National Flag
46,400,000,000  
Colombia
COL
42
National Flag
45,070,000,000  
Romania
ROM
43
National Flag
39,110,000,000  
Chile
CHI
44
National Flag
38,750,000,000  
Vietnam
VTN
45
National Flag
36,130,000,000  
Netherlands
NET
46
National Flag
34,020,000,000  
Egypt
EGP
47
National Flag
33,660,000,000  
Bangladesh
BAN
48
National Flag
33,130,000,000  
Kuwait
KUW
49
National Flag
31,440,000,000  
Kazakhstan
KAZ
50
National Flag
31,080,000,000  
Nigeria
NIG
51
National Flag
27,520,000,000  
Bulgaria
BUL
52
National Flag
27,020,000,000  
Hungary
HUN
53
National Flag
25,130,000,000  
Portugal
POR
54
National Flag
23,570,000,000  
Belgium
BEL
55
National Flag
23,360,000,000  
Austria
AST
56
National Flag
22,970,000,000  
Morocco
MOR
57
National Flag
21,800,000,000  
Ukraine
UKR
58
National Flag
20,600,000,000  
Turkmenistan
TKM
59
National Flag
20,020,000,000  
Pakistan
PAK
60
National Flag
19,960,000,000  
Oman
OMA
61
National Flag
18,320,000,000  
New Zealand
NWZ
62
National Flag
18,100,000,000  
Angola
ANG
63
National Flag
16,890,000,000  
Qatar
QTR
64
National Flag
16,000,000,000  
Uzbekistan
UZB
65
National Flag
15,980,000,000  
Jordan
JOR
66
National Flag
15,530,000,000  
Croatia
CRO
67
National Flag
14,280,000,000  
Uruguay
URU
68
National Flag
12,800,000,000  
Cuba
CUB
69
National Flag
11,290,000,000  
Cambodia
CMB
70
National Flag
10,800,000,000  
Finland
FIN
71
National Flag
10,790,000,000  
Serbia
SER
72
National Flag
10,050,000,000  
Guatemala
GUA
73
National Flag
8,886,000,000  
Azerbaijan
AZR
74
National Flag
8,668,000,000  
Nepal
NEP
75
National Flag
8,287,000,000  
Bolivia
BOL
76
National Flag
7,592,000,000  
Kenya
KEN
77
National Flag
7,504,000,000  
Paraguay
PAR
78
National Flag
7,476,000,000  
Botswana
BOT
79
National Flag
7,345,000,000  
Ghana
GHA
80
National Flag
6,893,000,000  
Greece
GRE
81
National Flag
6,696,000,000  
Venezuela
VEN
82
National Flag
6,632,000,000  
Sri Lanka
SRL
83
National Flag
6,477,000,000  
Afghanistan
AFG
84
National Flag
6,233,000,000  
Dominican Republic
DOM
85
National Flag
6,000,000,000  
North Korea
NKO
86
National Flag
6,000,000,000  
Mongolia
MON
87
National Flag
5,699,000,000  
Tunisia
TUN
88
National Flag
5,370,000,000  
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BOS
89
National Flag
5,059,000,000  
Belarus
BLR
90
National Flag
5,032,000,000  
Myanmar
MYA
91
National Flag
4,688,000,000  
Ivory Coast
IVC
92
National Flag
4,460,000,000  
Honduras
HON
93
National Flag
4,174,000,000  
Tanzania
TAN
94
National Flag
4,128,000,000  
Central African Republic
CAR
95
National Flag
3,935,000,000  
Ecuador
ECU
96
National Flag
3,888,000,000  
Panama
PAN
97
National Flag
3,600,000,000  
Ireland
IRE
98
National Flag
3,595,000,000  
Latvia
LAT
99
National Flag
3,274,000,000  
Albania
ALB
100
National Flag
3,147,000,000  
Ethiopia
ETH
101
National Flag
3,133,000,000  
Slovakia
SLK
102
National Flag
3,074,000,000  
Mali
MAL
103
National Flag
3,067,000,000  
El Salvador
ESL
104
National Flag
3,045,000,000  
Uganda
UGA
105
National Flag
2,945,000,000  
Georgia
GEO
106
National Flag
2,794,000,000  
Macedonia
MAC
107
National Flag
2,602,000,000  
Lithuania
LIT
108
National Flag
2,521,000,000  
Nicaragua
NIC
109
National Flag
2,426,000,000  
Zambia
ZAM
110
National Flag
2,411,000,000  
Kyrgyzstan
KYR
111
National Flag
2,357,000,000  
Cameroon
CAM
112
National Flag
2,332,750,000  
Sierra Leone
SIE
113
National Flag
2,242,000,000  
Armenia
ARM
114
National Flag
2,193,000,000  
Mozambique
MOZ
115
National Flag
2,166,000,000  
Bahrain
BAH
116
National Flag
1,949,000,000  
Namibia
NAM
117
National Flag
1,675,000,000  
Liberia
LIB
118
National Flag
1,186,150,000  
Mauritania
MAU
119
National Flag
1,141,000,000  
Madagascar
MAD
120
National Flag
989,800,000  
Laos
LAO
121
National Flag
911,200,000  
Slovenia
SLV
122
National Flag
903,000,000  
Niger
NGR
123
National Flag
834,900,000  
Gabon
GAB
124
National Flag
813,400,000  
Republic of the Congo
ROC
125
National Flag
700,000,000  
Montenegro
MTN
126
National Flag
642,400,000  
Tajikistan
TAJ
127
National Flag
504,900,000  
Sudan
SUD
128
National Flag
444,600,000  
Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRC
129
National Flag
407,300,000  
Syria
SYR
130
National Flag
389,800,000  
Estonia
EST
131
National Flag
381,100,000  
Suriname
SUR
132
National Flag
374,000,000  
Zimbabwe
ZIM
133
National Flag
100,000,000  
South Sudan
SSU
134
National Flag
74,200,000  
Chad
CHD
135
National Flag
30,450,000  
Somalia
SOM
136
National Flag
15,000,000  
Bhutan
BUT