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Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold by Country

Because war is as much about money as it is about bullets, bombs and missiles - financial health is an important quality to consider.

Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold by Country

Because war is as much about money as it is about bullets, bombs and missiles - financial health is an important quality to consider.

OVERVIEW



Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold allow a nation to repay its foreign obligations (debt) while also continue to strengthen their domestic currency. These reserves also play a part in a nation's credit rating on the world markets. Today, it is said that as much as two-thirds of the world's reserves are held in Asia by China, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and South Korea. For the purposes of the GFP ranking, this plays into the relative financial "health" of nations.

The data presented below is through 2019. Values presented in $USD.


1
National Flag Graphic
3,236,000,000,000
China
CHN
2
National Flag Graphic
1,264,000,000,000
Japan
JPN
3
National Flag Graphic
866,800,000,000
Canada
CAN
4
National Flag Graphic
811,200,000,000
Switzerland
SWI
5
National Flag Graphic
496,400,000,000
Saudi Arabia
SAR
6
National Flag Graphic
456,700,000,000
Taiwan
TAI
7
National Flag Graphic
432,700,000,000
Russia
RUS
8
National Flag Graphic
409,800,000,000
India
IND
9
National Flag Graphic
389,200,000,000
South Korea
SKO
10
National Flag Graphic
374,000,000,000
Brazil
BRA
11
National Flag Graphic
279,900,000,000
Singapore
SIN
12
National Flag Graphic
202,600,000,000
Thailand
THA
13
National Flag Graphic
200,100,000,000
Germany
GER
14
National Flag Graphic
175,300,000,000
Mexico
MEX
15
National Flag Graphic
156,400,000,000
France
FRA
16
National Flag Graphic
151,200,000,000
Italy
ITA
17
National Flag Graphic
150,800,000,000
United Kingdom
UKD
18
National Flag Graphic
148,000,000,000
Czechia
CZC
19
National Flag Graphic
130,200,000,000
Indonesia
INO
20
National Flag Graphic
123,300,000,000
United States
USA
21
National Flag Graphic
120,600,000,000
Iran
IRN
22
National Flag Graphic
113,300,000,000
Poland
POL
23
National Flag Graphic
113,000,000,000
Israel
ISR
24
National Flag Graphic
107,700,000,000
Turkey
TUR
25
National Flag Graphic
102,400,000,000
Malaysia
MLY
26
National Flag Graphic
97,890,000,000
Algeria
ALG
27
National Flag Graphic
95,370,000,000
United Arab Emirates
UAE
28
National Flag Graphic
81,570,000,000
Philippines
PHI
29
National Flag Graphic
75,250,000,000
Denmark
DEN
30
National Flag Graphic
74,710,000,000
Libya
LBY
31
National Flag Graphic
69,410,000,000
Spain
SPA
32
National Flag Graphic
66,580,000,000
Australia
AUS
33
National Flag Graphic
65,920,000,000
Norway
NOR
34
National Flag Graphic
63,830,000,000
Peru
PER
35
National Flag Graphic
62,220,000,000
Sweden
SWE
36
National Flag Graphic
55,420,000,000
Lebanon
LEB
37
National Flag Graphic
55,330,000,000
Argentina
ARG
38
National Flag Graphic
50,720,000,000
South Africa
SAF
39
National Flag Graphic
49,500,000,000
Vietnam
VTN
40
National Flag Graphic
48,880,000,000
Iraq
IRQ
41
National Flag Graphic
47,130,000,000
Colombia
COL
42
National Flag Graphic
44,430,000,000
Romania
ROM
43
National Flag Graphic
38,980,000,000
Chile
CHI
44
National Flag Graphic
38,770,000,000
Nigeria
NIG
45
National Flag Graphic
38,440,000,000
Netherlands
NET
46
National Flag Graphic
35,890,000,000
Egypt
EGP
47
National Flag Graphic
33,700,000,000
Kuwait
KUW
48
National Flag Graphic
33,420,000,000
Bangladesh
BAN
49
National Flag Graphic
30,750,000,000
Kazakhstan
KAZ
50
National Flag Graphic
28,380,000,000
Bulgaria
BUL
51
National Flag Graphic
28,000,000,000
Hungary
HUN
52
National Flag Graphic
26,270,000,000
Morocco
MOR
53
National Flag Graphic
26,160,000,000
Belgium
BEL
54
National Flag Graphic
26,110,000,000
Portugal
POR
55
National Flag Graphic
24,910,000,000
Turkmenistan
TKM
56
National Flag Graphic
21,570,000,000
Austria
AST
57
National Flag Graphic
20,680,000,000
New Zealand
NWZ
58
National Flag Graphic
18,820,000,000
Croatia
CRO
59
National Flag Graphic
18,810,000,000
Ukraine
UKR
60
National Flag Graphic
18,460,000,000
Pakistan
PAK
61
National Flag Graphic
17,290,000,000
Angola
ANG
62
National Flag Graphic
16,090,000,000
Oman
OMA
63
National Flag Graphic
16,000,000,000
Uzbekistan
UZB
64
National Flag Graphic
15,960,000,000
Uruguay
URU
65
National Flag Graphic
15,560,000,000
Jordan
JOR
66
National Flag Graphic
15,010,000,000
Qatar
QTR
67
National Flag Graphic
12,200,000,000
Cambodia
CMB
68
National Flag Graphic
11,910,000,000
Serbia
SER
69
National Flag Graphic
11,770,000,000
Guatemala
GUA
70
National Flag Graphic
11,350,000,000
Cuba
CUB
71
National Flag Graphic
10,510,000,000
Finland
FIN
72
National Flag Graphic
10,260,000,000
Bolivia
BOL
73
National Flag Graphic
9,661,000,000
Venezuela
VEN
74
National Flag Graphic
9,091,000,000
Nepal
NEP
75
National Flag Graphic
7,959,000,000
Sri Lanka
SRL
76
National Flag Graphic
7,877,000,000
Paraguay
PAR
77
National Flag Graphic
7,807,000,000
Greece
GRE
78
National Flag Graphic
7,555,000,000
Ghana
GHA
79
National Flag Graphic
7,491,000,000
Botswana
BOT
80
National Flag Graphic
7,354,000,000
Kenya
KEN
81
National Flag Graphic
7,315,000,000
Belarus
BLR
82
National Flag Graphic
7,187,000,000
Afghanistan
AFG
83
National Flag Graphic
6,873,000,000
Dominican Republic
DOM
84
National Flag Graphic
6,681,000,000
Azerbaijan
AZR
85
National Flag Graphic
6,474,000,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BOS
86
National Flag Graphic
6,257,000,000
Ivory Coast
IVC
87
National Flag Graphic
5,594,000,000
Tunisia
TUN
88
National Flag Graphic
5,301,000,000
Tanzania
TAN
89
National Flag Graphic
5,000,000,000
North Korea
NKO
90
National Flag Graphic
4,924,000,000
Myanmar
MYA
91
National Flag Graphic
4,708,000,000
Honduras
HON
92
National Flag Graphic
4,614,000,000
Latvia
LAT
93
National Flag Graphic
4,450,000,000
Lithuania
LIT
94
National Flag Graphic
4,412,000,000
Ireland
IRE
95
National Flag Graphic
3,654,000,000
Uganda
UGA
96
National Flag Graphic
3,622,000,000
Slovakia
SLK
97
National Flag Graphic
3,590,000,000
Albania
ALB
98
National Flag Graphic
3,567,000,000
El Salvador
ESL
99
National Flag Graphic
3,361,000,000
Mozambique
MOZ
100
National Flag Graphic
3,235,000,000
Cameroon
CAM
101
National Flag Graphic
3,039,000,000
Georgia
GEO
102
National Flag Graphic
3,016,000,000
Mongolia
MON
103
National Flag Graphic
3,013,000,000
Ethiopia
ETH
104
National Flag Graphic
2,803,000,000
Moldova
MOL
105
National Flag Graphic
2,802,000,000
Macedonia
MAC
106
National Flag Graphic
2,758,000,000
Nicaragua
NIC
107
National Flag Graphic
2,703,000,000
Panama
PAN
108
National Flag Graphic
2,432,000,000
Namibia
NAM
109
National Flag Graphic
2,395,000,000
Ecuador
ECU
110
National Flag Graphic
2,349,000,000
Bahrain
BAH
111
National Flag Graphic
2,314,000,000
Armenia
ARM
112
National Flag Graphic
2,177,000,000
Kyrgyzstan
KYR
113
National Flag Graphic
2,082,000,000
Zambia
ZAM
114
National Flag Graphic
1,600,000,000
Madagascar
MAD
115
National Flag Graphic
1,314,000,000
Niger
NGR
116
National Flag Graphic
1,292,000,000
Tajikistan
TAJ
117
National Flag Graphic
1,270,000,000
Laos
LAO
118
National Flag Graphic
1,206,000,000
Bhutan
BUT
119
National Flag Graphic
1,077,000,000
Montenegro
MTN
120
National Flag Graphic
981,600,000
Gabon
GAB
121
National Flag Graphic
889,900,000
Slovenia
SLV
122
National Flag Graphic
875,000,000
Mauritania
MAU
123
National Flag Graphic
647,800,000
Mali
MAL
124
National Flag Graphic
505,700,000
Republic of the Congo
ROC
125
National Flag Graphic
478,000,000
Sierra Leone
SIE
126
National Flag Graphic
459,800,000
Liberia
LIB
127
National Flag Graphic
457,500,000
Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRC
128
National Flag Graphic
431,800,000
Zimbabwe
ZIM
129
National Flag Graphic
424,400,000
Suriname
SUR
130
National Flag Graphic
407,300,000
Syria
SYR
131
National Flag Graphic
345,000,000
Estonia
EST
132
National Flag Graphic
304,300,000
Central African Republic
CAR
133
National Flag Graphic
245,400,000
Yemen
YEM
134
National Flag Graphic
198,000,000
Sudan
SUD
135
National Flag Graphic
73,000,000
South Sudan
SSU
136
National Flag Graphic
30,450,000
Somalia
SOM
137
National Flag Graphic
22,900,000
Chad
CHD