Key military acquisition decisions await the ruling party for Canada heading into 2019 - a key year which will shape the future of its military.
Each nation detailed on GlobalFirepower.com is assessed on individual and collective values. These values are processed through an in-house formula to generate the PwrIndx (PowerIndex) score which is used to establish the finalized GFP rankings for the current year. Keep in mind that some values are estimated when official numbers are not readily available/unattainable. Otherwise official/semi-official values are used whenever possible. Content ©2006- www.GlobalFirepower.com.
Values related to a nation's complete population and as it relates to theoretical available fighting strength. Wars, particularly those with high attrition, traditionally favor higher manpower.
Total Population: 35,881,659
Available Manpower: 16,110,865
Reaching Military Age Annually: 427,524
Total Military Personnel: 94,000 (est.)
Active Personnel: 64,000
Reserve Personnel: 30,000
Total Aircraft Strength value includes both fixed- and rotary-wing systems from all branches of service (UAVs are not included in this total). Attack values cover both multirole and purpose-built light-attack types (and so some fighters also fall into the Attack total). Transports value includes only fixed-wing tactical/strategic aircraft. UAVs are currently being excluded from the total. For an in-depth look into the numbers available to any one air force of the world, consider www.WDMMA.org (external link) - the "World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft". Also consider Aircraft throughout the military history of Canada (external link).
Total Aircraft Strength: 384 (ranked 31 of 137)
(ranked 38 of 137)
(ranked 44 of 137)
(ranked 23 of 137)
(ranked 23 of 137)
Total Helicopter Strength: 148
(ranked 31 of 137)
Attack Helicopters: 0
(ranked 137 of 137)
Combat Tank value includes Main Battle Tanks (MBTs), light tanks, and tank destroyers (no distinction is made between tracked and wheeled types). Armored Fighting Vehicles (AFV) value includes APCs, IFVs, MRAPs, and Armored Cars. Rocket Projectors only include self-propelled forms. Also consider Armor and Artillery throughout the military history of Canada (external link).
Combat Tanks: 80 (ranked 79 of 137)
Armored Fighting Vehicles: 2,000 (ranked 37 of 137)
Self-Propelled Artillery: 0 (ranked 137 of 137)
Towed Artillery: 160 (ranked 52 of 137)
Rocket Projectors: 0 (ranked 137 of 137)
Petroleum remains the lifeblood of war. As such it is weighed into the GFP ranking through the figures below. Values are shown as BBL/DY (Barrels Per Day).
Oil Production: 3,977,000 bbl/dy
Oil Consumption: 2,430,000 bbl/dy
Proven Oil Reserves: 169,700,000,000 bbl
For the GFP ranking, Logistics values include personnel, industry, and services related to war production.
Merchant Marine Strength: 500
Major Ports / Hubs / Terminals: 10
Roadway Coverage: 1,042,300 km
Railway Coverage: 46,552 km
The GFP ranking takes into account a nation's financial health on the world stage. All values presented in USD ($).
Defense Budget: $21,200,000,000
External Debt: $1,608,000,000,000
Reservses of Foreign Exchange / Gold: $866,800,000,000
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP): $1,812,000,000,000
Geography considerations can factor decisively into both offensive- and defensive-mind campaigns.
Square Land Area: 9,984,670 km
Coastline Coverage: 202,080 km