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External Debt by Country (2020)



Total external debt by nation.



Global Firepower tracks External Debt of each participant in its annual defense review. External Debt is defined as both public and private debt carried as owed to outside parties (namely the international community) and may repayable through currency exchanges, consumer/durable goods, and applicable services.

Typically, larger, better-developed nations carry equally-large external debt totals to compensate for their population sizes. External Debt is just one outlying factory considered in the GFP ranking concerning a given nation's fiscal health - namely due to the inherently large cost of going to war or maintaining a sizeable standing military. For the purposes of the GFP ranking, External Debt is used as a penalty.

Data presented on this list is through 2019. Values are presented in $USD. Estimates are made when official data is not available.
1
United States
USA
17,910,000,000,000
2
United Kingdom
UKD
8,126,000,000,000
3
France
FRA
5,360,000,000,000
4
Germany
GER
5,326,000,000,000
5
Netherlands
NET
4,063,000,000,000
6
Japan
JPN
3,240,000,000,000
7
Ireland
IRE
2,470,000,000,000
8
Italy
ITA
2,444,000,000,000
9
Spain
SPA
2,094,000,000,000
10
Australia
AUS
1,714,000,000,000
11
Switzerland
SWI
1,664,000,000,000
12
Canada
CAN
1,608,000,000,000
13
China
CHN
1,598,000,000,000
14
Belgium
BEL
1,281,000,000,000
15
Sweden
SWE
939,900,000,000
16
Norway
NOR
642,300,000,000
17
Austria
AST
630,800,000,000
18
Singapore
SIN
566,100,000,000
19
Brazil
BRA
547,400,000,000
20
Russia
RUS
539,600,000,000
21
Greece
GRE
506,600,000,000
22
India
IND
501,600,000,000
23
Denmark
DEN
484,800,000,000
24
Turkey
TUR
452,400,000,000
25
Portugal
POR
449,000,000,000
26
Mexico
MEX
445,800,000,000
27
South Korea
SKO
384,600,000,000
28
Indonesia
INO
344,400,000,000
29
Poland
POL
241,000,000,000
30
United Arab Emirates
UAE
237,600,000,000
31
Malaysia
MLY
217,200,000,000
32
Argentina
ARG
214,900,000,000
33
Czechia
CZC
205,200,000,000
34
Saudi Arabia
SAR
205,100,000,000
35
Chile
CHI
183,400,000,000
36
Taiwan
TAI
181,900,000,000
37
Qatar
QTR
167,800,000,000
38
Kazakhstan
KAZ
167,500,000,000
39
South Africa
SAF
156,300,000,000
40
Finland
FIN
150,600,000,000
41
Hungary
HUN
138,100,000,000
42
Thailand
THA
132,000,000,000
43
Ukraine
UKR
130,000,000,000
44
Colombia
COL
124,600,000,000
45
Venezuela
VEN
100,300,000,000
46
Vietnam
VTN
96,580,000,000
47
Romania
ROM
95,970,000,000
48
New Zealand
NWZ
91,620,000,000
49
Panama
PAN
91,530,000,000
50
Israel
ISR
88,660,000,000
51
Pakistan
PAK
82,190,000,000
52
Egypt
EGY
77,470,000,000
53
Philippines
PHI
76,180,000,000
54
Slovakia
SLK
75,040,000,000
55
Iraq
IRQ
73,020,000,000
56
Peru
PER
66,250,000,000
57
Sudan
SUD
56,050,000,000
58
Bahrain
BAH
52,150,000,000
59
Sri Lanka
SRL
51,720,000,000
60
Morocco
MOR
51,480,000,000
61
Bangladesh
BAN
50,260,000,000
62
Croatia
CRO
48,100,000,000
63
Kuwait
KUW
47,240,000,000
64
Slovenia
SLV
46,300,000,000
65
Oman
OMA
46,270,000,000
66
Angola
ANG
42,080,000,000
67
Bulgaria
BUL
42,060,000,000
68
Nigeria
NGA
40,960,000,000
69
Latvia
LAT
40,020,000,000
70
Belarus
BLR
39,920,000,000
71
Lebanon
LEB
39,300,000,000
72
Ecuador
ECU
39,290,000,000
73
Lithuania
LIT
34,480,000,000
74
Tunisia
TUN
30,190,000,000
75
Cuba
CUB
30,060,000,000
76
Serbia
SER
29,500,000,000
77
Jordan
JOR
29,340,000,000
78
Dominican Republic
DOM
29,160,000,000
79
Uruguay
URU
28,370,000,000
80
Kenya
KEN
27,590,000,000
81
Ethiopia
ETH
26,050,000,000
82
Mongolia
MON
25,330,000,000
83
Guatemala
GUA
22,920,000,000
84
Ghana
GHA
22,140,000,000
85
Estonia
EST
19,050,000,000
86
Paraguay
PAR
17,700,000,000
87
Tanzania
TAN
17,660,000,000
88
Azerbaijan
AZR
17,410,000,000
89
Georgia
GEO
16,990,000,000
90
Uzbekistan
UZB
16,900,000,000
91
El Salvador
ESL
15,510,000,000
92
Laos
LAO
14,900,000,000
93
Ivory Coast
IVC
13,070,000,000
94
Bolivia
BOL
12,810,000,000
95
Cambodia
CMB
11,870,000,000
96
Zambia
ZAM
11,660,000,000
97
Nicaragua
NIC
11,310,000,000
98
Mozambique
MOZ
10,910,000,000
99
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BOS
10,870,000,000
100
Uganda
UGA
10,800,000,000
101
Armenia
ARM
10,410,000,000
102
Albania
ALB
9,505,000,000
103
Cameroon
CAM
9,375,000,000
104
Zimbabwe
ZIM
9,357,000,000
105
North Macedonia
MAC
8,790,000,000
106
Honduras
HON
8,625,000,000
107
Kyrgyzstan
KYR
8,164,000,000
108
Iran
IRN
7,995,000,000
109
Namibia
NAM
7,969,000,000
110
Yemen
YEM
7,068,000,000
111
Myanmar
MYA
6,594,000,000
112
Moldova
MOL
6,549,000,000
113
Gabon
GAB
6,490,000,000
114
Algeria
ALG
6,260,000,000
115
Nepal
NEP
5,849,000,000
116
Tajikistan
TAJ
5,750,000,000
117
Somalia
SOM
5,300,000,000
118
North Korea
NKO
5,000,000,000
119
Syria
SYR
4,989,000,000
120
Democratic Republic of the Congo
DRC
4,963,000,000
121
Republic of the Congo
ROC
4,605,000,000
122
Mali
MAL
4,192,000,000
123
Mauritania
MAU
4,150,000,000
124
Madagascar
MAD
4,089,000,000
125
Niger
NGR
3,728,000,000
126
Burkina Faso
BKF
3,056,000,000
127
Libya
LBY
3,020,000,000
128
Afghanistan
AFG
2,840,000,000
129
Bhutan
BUT
2,671,000,000
130
Montenegro
MTN
2,516,000,000
131
South Sudan
SSU
2,250,000,000
132
Botswana
BOT
2,187,000,000
133
Chad
CHD
1,724,000,000
134
Suriname
SUR
1,700,000,000
135
Sierra Leone
SIE
1,615,000,000
136
Liberia
LIB
1,036,000,000
137
Central African Republic
CAR
779,900,000
138
Turkmenistan
TKM
539,400,000

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