With the ongoing threat from both China and North Korea, Japan has been actively expanding and modernizing its fighting capabilities.
Each nation detailed on GlobalFirepower.com is assessed on individual and collective values. These values are processed through an in-house formula to generate the PwrIndx (PowerIndex) score which is used to establish the finalized GFP rankings for the current year. Keep in mind that some values are estimated when official numbers are not readily available/unattainable. Otherwise official/semi-official values are used whenever possible. Content ©2006- www.GlobalFirepower.com.
Values related to a nation's complete population and as it relates to theoretical available fighting strength. Wars, particularly those with high attrition, traditionally favor higher manpower.
Total Population: 126,168,156
Available Manpower: 53,873,803
Reaching Military Age Annually: 11,782,201
Total Military Personnel: 303,157 (est.)
Active Personnel: 247,157
Reserve Personnel: 56,000
Total Aircraft Strength value includes both fixed- and rotary-wing systems from all branches of service (UAVs are not included in this total). Attack values cover both multirole and purpose-built light-attack types (and so some fighters also fall into the Attack total). Transports value includes only fixed-wing tactical/strategic aircraft. UAVs are currently being excluded from the total. For an in-depth look into the numbers available to any one air force of the world, consider www.WDMMA.org (external link) - the "World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft". Also consider Aircraft throughout the military history of Japan (external link).
Total Aircraft Strength: 1,572 (ranked 6 of 137)
(ranked 8 of 137)
(ranked 10 of 137)
(ranked 21 of 137)
(ranked 25 of 137)
Total Helicopter Strength: 636
(ranked 6 of 137)
Attack Helicopters: 119
(ranked 4 of 137)
Combat Tank value includes Main Battle Tanks (MBTs), light tanks, and tank destroyers (no distinction is made between tracked and wheeled types). Armored Fighting Vehicles (AFV) value includes APCs, IFVs, MRAPs, and Armored Cars. Rocket Projectors only include self-propelled forms. Also consider Armor and Artillery throughout the military history of Japan (external link).
Combat Tanks: 1,004 (ranked 25 of 137)
Armored Fighting Vehicles: 3,072 (ranked 21 of 137)
Self-Propelled Artillery: 202 (ranked 25 of 137)
Towed Artillery: 500 (ranked 25 of 137)
Rocket Projectors: 99 (ranked 35 of 137)
Petroleum remains the lifeblood of war. As such it is weighed into the GFP ranking through the figures below. Values are shown as BBL/DY (Barrels Per Day).
Oil Production: 3,841 bbl/dy
Oil Consumption: 4,530,800 bbl/dy
Proven Oil Reserves: 44,120,000 bbl
For the GFP ranking, Logistics values include personnel, industry, and services related to war production.
Merchant Marine Strength: 5,289
Major Ports / Hubs / Terminals: 38
Roadway Coverage: 1,210,251 km
Railway Coverage: 27,182 km
The GFP ranking takes into account a nation's financial health on the world stage. All values presented in USD ($).
Defense Budget: $47,000,000,000
External Debt: $3,240,000,000,000
Reservses of Foreign Exchange / Gold: $1,264,000,000,000
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP): $5,515,000,000,000
Geography considerations can factor decisively into both offensive- and defensive-mind campaigns.
Square Land Area: 377,915 km
Coastline Coverage: 29,751 km
Usable Waterways: 1,770 km