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European Military Strength (2023)



GFP REGIONS | ANNUAL RANKING

Ranking the military powers of the continent of Europe by country, from strongest to weakest.



The GFP list makes use of over 60 factors in our in-house formula to determine a given nation's Power Index ('PwrIndx') score. This provides the final ranking while also allowing smaller, more technologically-advanced, nations to compete with larger, lesser-developed ones. Some bonuses and penalties are added for refinement that, in the end, we hope presents an unbiased look into the potential conventional military strength of a world power. Color arrows indicate year-over-year trend comparison (Increase, Stable, Decline).

There are a total of 37 countries included in the European Military Strength (2023) annual defense review.
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1
United Kingdom
UKD
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.1435
2
France
FRA
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.1848
3
Italy
ITA
Stable rrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.1973
4
Ukraine
UKR
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.2516
5
Poland
POL
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.3406
6
Spain
SPN
Stable rrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.3556
7
Germany
GER
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.3881
8
Greece
GRE
Stable rrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.4621
9
Sweden
SWE
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.5679
10
Netherlands
NTH
Stable rrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.5801
11
Portugal
POR
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.6116
12
Switzerland
SWZ
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.7191
13
Romania
ROM
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.7735
14
Czechia
CZC
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.7849
15
Denmark
DEN
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.8011
16
Finland
FIN
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.8099
17
Hungary
HUN
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.8643
18
Serbia
SRB
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.9571
19
Bulgaria
BUL
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 0.9757
20
Belarus
BLR
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 1.0485
21
Slovakia
SLK
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 1.1789
22
Belgium
BEL
Stable rrow graphic
PwrIndx: 1.1836
23
Croatia
CRO
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 1.2141
24
Austria
AST
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 1.6543
25
Slovenia
SLV
Stable rrow graphic
PwrIndx: 1.7261
26
Ireland
IRE
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 1.8161
27
Albania
ALB
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 1.8466
28
Lithuania
LIT
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 1.9026
29
Latvia
LAT
Stable rrow graphic
PwrIndx: 1.9161
30
Estonia
EST
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 2.0686
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31
North Macedonia
MAC
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 2.1717
32
Luxembourg
LUX
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 2.8202
33
Montenegro
MTN
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 2.8704
34
Bosnia and Herzegovina
BOS
Down arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 3.0788
35
Kosovo
KOS
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 3.2863
36
Iceland
ICE
up arrow graphic
PwrIndx: 3.4845
37
Moldova
MOL
Stable rrow graphic
PwrIndx: 4.0861

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