Global Firepower

Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold by Country

Because war is as much about money as it is about bullets, bombs and missiles - financial health is an important quality to consider.





Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold allow a nation to repay its foreign obligations (debt) while also continue to strengthen their domestic currency. These reserves also play a part in a nation's credit rating on the world markets. Today, it is said that as much as two-thirds of the world's reserves are held in Asia by China, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and South Korea. For the purposes of the GFP ranking, this plays into the relative financial "health" of nations.


Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold data through 2017. Some nations are not included in this list due to lack of available official numbers. The values below are displayed in USD ($).


1
3,092,000,000,000
2
1,233,000,000,000
3
602,700,000,000
4
553,700,000,000
5
456,900,000,000
6
372,700,000,000
7
365,500,000,000
8
359,100,000,000
9
352,100,000,000
10
249,700,000,000
11
181,400,000,000
12
176,400,000,000
13
173,700,000,000
14
138,200,000,000
15
135,500,000,000
16
130,600,000,000
17
129,600,000,000
18
117,600,000,000
19
115,000,000,000
20
115,000,000,000
21
106,400,000,000
22
97,380,000,000
23
97,220,000,000
24
90,210,000,000
25
84,930,000,000
26
82,500,000,000
27
79,990,000,000
28
78,620,000,000
29
66,810,000,000
30
61,800,000,000
31
60,410,000,000
32
58,110,000,000
33
57,460,000,000
34
55,400,000,000
35
54,300,000,000
36
53,970,000,000
37
47,740,000,000
38
46,080,000,000
39
44,600,000,000
40
44,150,000,000
41
39,860,000,000
42
38,210,000,000
43
36,790,000,000
44
36,030,000,000
45
34,660,000,000
46
32,110,000,000
47
31,620,000,000
48
30,100,000,000
49
29,770,000,000
50
28,720,000,000
51
25,120,000,000
52
24,670,000,000
53
24,100,000,000
54
23,470,000,000
55
22,240,000,000
56
20,530,000,000
57
20,430,000,000
58
19,400,000,000
59
18,550,000,000
60
16,010,000,000
61
15,180,000,000
62
15,060,000,000
63
14,850,000,000
64
14,540,000,000
65
14,500,000,000
66
14,460,000,000
67
13,100,000,000
68
11,640,000,000
69
11,000,000,000
70
10,900,000,000
71
10,500,000,000
72
10,430,000,000
73
8,913,000,000
74
8,803,000,000
75
8,477,000,000
76
8,054,000,000
77
7,507,000,000
78
7,453,000,000
79
7,374,000,000
80
7,060,000,000
81
6,276,000,000
82
6,137,000,000
83
6,059,000,000
84
6,026,000,000
85
6,000,000,000
86
6,000,000,000
87
4,952,000,000
88
4,800,000,000
89
4,206,000,000
90
4,128,000,000
91
3,878,000,000
92
3,846,000,000
93
3,771,000,000
94
3,260,000,000
95
3,213,000,000
96
3,201,000,000
97
3,074,000,000
98
2,956,000,000
99
2,855,000,000
100
2,851,000,000
101
2,657,000,000
102
2,576,000,000
103
2,442,000,000
104
2,416,000,000
105
2,163,000,000
106
2,046,000,000
107
1,989,000,000
108
1,838,000,000
109
1,762,000,000
110
1,697,000,000
111
1,585,000,000
112
1,541,000,000
113
1,512,000,000
114
1,024,000,000
115
903,000,000
116
851,300,000
117
780,400,000
118
774,000,000
119
639,600,000
120
627,500,000
121
504,600,000
122
475,500,000
123
416,900,000
124
326,300,000
125
167,300,000
126
100,000,000
127
30,450,000

Sources: CIA.gov, CIA World Factbook, wikipedia.com, public domain print and media sources and user contributions. Some values may be estimated when official sources are lacking.

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