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  • Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold by Country


    Because war is as much about money as it is about bullets, bombs and missiles - financial health is an important quality to consider.

    Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold allow a nation to repay its foreign obligations (debt) while also continue to strengthen their domestic currency. These reserves also play a part in a nation's credit rating on the world markets. Today, it is said that as much as two-thirds of the world's reserves are held in Asia by China, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and South Korea. For the purposes of the GFP ranking, this plays into the relative financial "health" of nations.


    The data presented below is through 2017. Values presented in $USD.


    1
    3,092,000,000,000  
    China
    CHN
    2
    1,233,000,000,000  
    Japan
    JPN
    3
    602,700,000,000  
    Switzerland
    SWI
    4
    553,700,000,000  
    Saudi Arabia
    SAR
    5
    456,900,000,000  
    Taiwan
    TAI
    6
    372,700,000,000  
    South Korea
    SKO
    7
    365,500,000,000  
    Russia
    RUS
    8
    359,100,000,000  
    India
    IND
    9
    352,100,000,000  
    Brazil
    BRA
    10
    249,700,000,000  
    Singapore
    SIN
    11
    181,400,000,000  
    Thailand
    THA
    12
    176,400,000,000  
    Mexico
    MEX
    13
    173,700,000,000  
    Germany
    GER
    14
    138,200,000,000  
    France
    FRA
    15
    135,500,000,000  
    Iran
    IRN
    16
    130,600,000,000  
    Italy
    ITA
    17
    129,600,000,000  
    United Kingdom
    UKD
    18
    117,600,000,000  
    United States
    USA
    19
    115,000,000,000  
    Algeria
    ALG
    20
    115,000,000,000  
    Turkey
    TUR
    21
    106,400,000,000  
    Indonesia
    INO
    22
    97,380,000,000  
    Malaysia
    MLY
    23
    97,220,000,000  
    Israel
    ISR
    24
    90,210,000,000  
    Poland
    POL
    25
    84,930,000,000  
    United Arab Emirates
    UAE
    26
    82,500,000,000  
    Canada
    CAN
    27
    79,990,000,000  
    Philippines
    PHI
    28
    78,620,000,000  
    Czech Republic
    CZR
    29
    66,810,000,000  
    Afghanistan
    AFG
    30
    61,800,000,000  
    Denmark
    DEN
    31
    60,410,000,000  
    Peru
    PER
    32
    58,110,000,000  
    Sweden
    SWE
    33
    57,460,000,000  
    Norway
    NOR
    34
    55,400,000,000  
    Libya
    LIB
    35
    54,300,000,000  
    Australia
    AUS
    36
    53,970,000,000  
    Spain
    SPA
    37
    47,740,000,000  
    Lebanon
    LEB
    38
    46,080,000,000  
    Colombia
    COL
    39
    44,600,000,000  
    South Africa
    SAF
    40
    44,150,000,000  
    Iraq
    IRQ
    41
    39,860,000,000  
    Romania
    ROM
    42
    38,210,000,000  
    Netherlands
    NET
    43
    36,790,000,000  
    Chile
    CHI
    44
    36,030,000,000  
    Qatar
    QTR
    45
    34,660,000,000  
    Vietnam
    VTN
    46
    32,110,000,000  
    Argentina
    ARG
    47
    31,620,000,000  
    Hungary
    HUN
    48
    30,100,000,000  
    Kazakhstan
    KAZ
    49
    29,770,000,000  
    Bangladesh
    BAN
    50
    28,720,000,000  
    Kuwait
    KUW
    51
    25,120,000,000  
    Bulgaria
    BUL
    52
    24,670,000,000  
    Morocco
    MOR
    53
    24,100,000,000  
    Belgium
    BEL
    54
    23,470,000,000  
    Nigeria
    NIG
    55
    22,240,000,000  
    Austria
    AST
    56
    20,530,000,000  
    Pakistan
    PAK
    57
    20,430,000,000  
    Angola
    ANG
    58
    19,400,000,000  
    Portugal
    POR
    59
    18,550,000,000  
    New Zealand
    NWZ
    60
    16,010,000,000  
    Ukraine
    UKR
    61
    15,180,000,000  
    Jordan
    JOR
    62
    15,060,000,000  
    Egypt
    EGP
    63
    14,850,000,000  
    Uruguay
    URU
    64
    14,540,000,000  
    Oman
    OMA
    65
    14,500,000,000  
    Uzbekistan
    UZB
    66
    14,460,000,000  
    Croatia
    CRO
    67
    13,100,000,000  
    Cuba
    CUB
    68
    11,640,000,000  
    Serbia
    SER
    69
    11,000,000,000  
    Bolivia
    BOL
    70
    10,900,000,000  
    Turkmenistan
    TKM
    71
    10,500,000,000  
    Finland
    FIN
    72
    10,430,000,000  
    Venezuela
    VEN
    73
    8,913,000,000  
    Myanmar
    MYA
    74
    8,803,000,000  
    Guatemala
    GUA
    75
    8,477,000,000  
    Cambodia
    CMB
    76
    8,054,000,000  
    Nepal
    NEP
    77
    7,682,000,000  
    Botswana
    BOT
    78
    7,507,000,000  
    Latvia
    LAT
    79
    7,453,000,000  
    Azerbaijan
    AZR
    80
    7,374,000,000  
    Kenya
    KEN
    81
    7,060,000,000  
    Sri Lanka
    SRL
    82
    6,924,000,000  
    Dominican Republic
    DOM
    83
    6,276,000,000  
    Tunisia
    TUN
    84
    6,137,000,000  
    Ghana
    GHA
    85
    6,059,000,000  
    Paraguay
    PAR
    86
    6,026,000,000  
    Greece
    GRE
    87
    6,000,000,000  
    North Korea
    NKO
    88
    6,000,000,000  
    Mongolia
    MON
    89
    4,952,000,000  
    Ivory Coast
    IVC
    90
    4,800,000,000  
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    BOS
    91
    4,206,000,000  
    Belarus
    BLR
    92
    4,128,000,000  
    Central African Republic
    CAR
    93
    3,878,000,000  
    Panama
    PAN
    94
    3,846,000,000  
    Honduras
    HON
    95
    3,771,000,000  
    Tanzania
    TAN
    96
    3,260,000,000  
    Bahrain
    BAH
    97
    3,213,000,000  
    Albania
    ALB
    98
    3,201,000,000  
    El Salvador
    ESL
    99
    3,074,000,000  
    Mali
    MAL
    100
    2,956,000,000  
    Ethiopia
    ETH
    101
    2,855,000,000  
    Georgia
    GEO
    102
    2,851,000,000  
    Uganda
    UGA
    103
    2,657,000,000  
    Slovakia
    SLK
    104
    2,576,000,000  
    Macedonia
    MAC
    105
    2,442,000,000  
    Nicaragua
    NIC
    106
    2,416,000,000  
    Cameroon
    CAM
    107
    2,332,750,000  
    Sierra Leone
    SIE
    108
    2,163,000,000  
    Ecuador
    ECU
    109
    2,046,000,000  
    Zambia
    ZAM
    110
    1,989,000,000  
    Republic of the Congo
    ROC
    111
    1,838,000,000  
    Kyrgyzstan
    KYR
    112
    1,762,000,000  
    Namibia
    NAM
    113
    1,697,000,000  
    Lithuania
    LIT
    114
    1,585,000,000  
    Gabon
    GAB
    115
    1,541,000,000  
    Mozambique
    MOZ
    116
    1,512,000,000  
    Armenia
    ARM
    117
    1,186,150,000  
    Mauritania
    MAU
    118
    1,024,000,000  
    Laos
    LAO
    119
    903,000,000  
    Niger
    NGR
    120
    851,300,000  
    Slovenia
    SLV
    121
    780,400,000  
    Madagascar
    MAD
    122
    774,000,000  
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    DRC
    123
    639,600,000  
    Yemen
    YEM
    124
    627,500,000  
    Chad
    CHD
    125
    504,600,000  
    Syria
    SYR
    126
    475,500,000  
    Estonia
    EST
    127
    416,900,000  
    Tajikistan
    TAJ
    128
    393,000,000  
    Suriname
    SUR
    129
    326,300,000  
    Zimbabwe
    ZIM
    130
    167,300,000  
    Sudan
    SUD
    131
    100,000,000  
    South Sudan
    SSU
    132
    30,450,000  
    Somalia
    SOM