The modern attack submarine is capable of unleashing an accurate barrage of conventional or nuclear-tipped cruise missiles against land-based targets and surface while also having the facilities to counter enemy submarines. Additionally, submarines are used to assist special forces and in clandestine intelligence gathering. Many modernized world navies utilize the submarine primarily as a deterrent in territorial waters.
For the purposes of the GFP final ranking, landlocked nations are not penalized for the lack of a standing naval force. However, nations with a standing navy are penalized for lack of certain naval assets.
Submarines strength data through 2013.
Partial Sources: CIA.gov; CIA World Factbook; wikipedia.com. Some values estimated based on factors available when official sources are lacking.
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